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    Archived pages: 67 . Archive date: 2012-12.

  • Title: Adopt-A-Stream -- Home Page
    Descriptive info: .. Home.. Site Map.. Contact Us.. Online Donation.. Get Involved.. Join us (Volunteer).. How can I Help?.. Monitoring Resources.. Teacher's Guides.. Test Equipment Sources.. Data Forms.. Water Quality Testing.. Water Quality.. How is water quality measured?.. Physical Parameters.. Chemical Parameters.. Biological Parameters.. Lab Testing Results.. Brockport to Montezuma 2003.. Fish Survey Results 2004.. Black Creek 2003.. Newsletter.. Fall 2002.. Fall 2003.. Spring 2004.. Fall 2004.. Spring 2005.. Fall 2006.. Spring 2007.. Our Mission.. Our Vision.. Directors.. Current Projects.. Adopt-A-Stream.. About AAS.. How To Register.. Adopted Sites Map.. Registered Vol.. Groups.. Equipment Resources.. Macroinv.. Resources.. Permit To Collect App.. Online Instructions.. More Programs.. Events Calendar.. Presentations.. Field Support.. Earth Day Clean-up.. AAS corner.. Photo Gallery.. Order Form.. Donate.. Links.. Welcome to Adopt-A-Stream.. Do you enjoy and value being outdoors?.. Are you concerned about clean water, and wonder what you can do about it?.. Or perhaps you live, work, or play near a stream, and wonder if it s healthy?.. We invite concerned people like you to take an active role in assuring the well-being  ...   agree to observe or evaluate their adopted waterway and take action together to improve their lake, stream, pond, or wetland.. Adopt-A-Stream is designed for volunteer groups, scouting groups, youth organizations and teachers to collect information about their waterway and put it to work.. Correcting water pollution also depends on good information.. Regular water quality testing provides a mechanism for detecting and documenting problem areas that might otherwise go undetected.. The program provides the framework so that you can plan a monitoring program that suits your objectives.. Is there new construction adding sediment? A septic not functioning properly causing low oxygen levels and little life? Is runoff from impervious surfaces like parking lots and streets adding pollutants and litter?.. To find out more, see.. GETTING STARTED.. Delta Laboratories, Inc.. 410 White Spruce Blvd.. Rochester, NY 14623.. Phone: 1-585-234-1726.. Fax: 1-585-424-2485.. contact@adopt-a-stream.. org.. Latest News.. Rock Our Day.. Don.. LIKE US on Faceboo.. Delta Labs Highlig.. 2012 EVENTS!.. View All News.. Copyright 2008 Adopt-A-Stream | All Rights Reserved.. W3C XHTML 1.. 0.. |.. W3C CSS 2..

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  • Title: Adopt-A-Stream -- Sitemap
    Descriptive info: Sitemap.. Top Navigation.. Join Us (Volunteer).. How can I help?.. Curriculum Manuals.. Monitoring Tools.. Measuring Water Quality.. How is water qualtiy measured.. Left Navigation.. Our Misson.. Getting Started.. Guides Curriculum.. Training Workshops.. Register your site.. Earth Day Cleanup.. AAS Corner..

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  • Title: Adopt-A-Stream -- Contact Us Form
    Descriptive info: Name*.. Organization*.. Email*.. Phone.. Monitoring Information.. -- please choose --.. Canal Monitoring.. Volunteer Opportunities.. Earth Day.. Teaching Information.. Teaching Guides.. Interested in having someone present to my students or youth group.. Interested in scheduling a workshop.. Need help getting a cosponsor.. Add to Mailing List.. Email.. Snail Mail.. Comments.. * Fields with (*) are mandatory..

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  • Title: Adopt-A-Stream -- Join Us (Volunteer)
    Descriptive info: Make a Difference! Delta relies upon volunteer support for our programs.. Volunteers can help us to continue our mission of educating young people to become stewards of their environment.. On-site Action.. Clean up the shoreline and/or streambed of your waterway, with assistance from Delta.. Monitoring of selected waterways, accompanied by Delta representatives.. Education/Information.. Staff an information table at an event; distribute brochures and fact sheets.. Art projects (i.. e.. : line drawings of benthic invertebrates to be published in the AAS Newsletter or utilized as training materials, or art from recycled materials.. ).. Write articles for publication in the AAS Newsletter and/or as features on the Web site.. Mailing Volunteer.. Our office often sends out newsletter mailings to participants, educators, and other interested parties.. We could use someone (or a small youth organization) on an "as needed" basis who would be willing to help label, stamp and seal newsletters.. Board of Directors.. Delta's Board is composed of non-paid volunteers; individuals who come together monthly to review program progress and initiate projects to further the mission of our non-profit organization.. Event Coordinators.. You can enjoy the spring weather by volunteering and helping the local  ...   parking lots through storm drains and into our local creeks, where it destroys natural beauty, diminishes water quality and endangers certain species.. Delta will provide groups with free garbage bags for the clean-ups, and free coupons for a sundae for each volunteer as a thank you from us for your efforts.. Earth Day celebrates the leadership of local citizens, organizations, and communities whose efforts are critical in protecting and enhancing local water quality, environmental health, and sustainable living.. Clean-up events currently range from all over Monroe, Genesee, and Livingston counties.. We invite you to participate this year by hosting a clean-up or educational celebration of Earth Day.. For further information, contact Linda Driscoll at.. ldriscoll@adopt-a-stream.. Workshops.. Delta offers many free workshops and presentations on a variety of water quality topics.. We could use an individual to network with teachers to schedule workshops for teachers, or presentations for student classes or youth organizations.. Event Photographer/Videographer.. Recording workshops, presentations, and other events is important to help publicize and recognize the work of our organization, and of our volunteers.. We could use a volunteer who is willing to attend an event and take digital photos or movies..

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  • Title: Adopt-A-Stream -- Curriculum Manuals
    Descriptive info: Elementary Handbook.. Middle School Handbook.. High School Handbook.. Elementary Teacher's Handbook (grades 4-8).. The Water Detectives.. The Adopt-A-Stream Elementary program consists of the Water Detective Teacher's Handbook, written for the youth leader or teacher, and the Student Guide, written for young folks wanting to "make a difference".. The leader's Handbook provides you with background information and goals for each activity in the Student Guide, a description of strategies and useful skills, and a list of cosponsors and experts with ways that they can help make your program successful, and involve the community with your group's efforts.. The Student Guide encourages children to transform environmental concern into community action by: becoming aware of the importance of water, of how pollution affects water systems, and all the creatures that rely on it for life.. It also contains detailed instructions for a variety of environmental quality tests that they use to collect the data that will help then determine the waterway's health.. The instructions that are unique to the teacher's handbook are in sans serif print.. The serif printing is as it appears in the Student Workbook.. This enables the teacher to follow along with the class when reading foundational materials and instructions.. The teacher can interject additional instructions without the student being burdened with reading the more complicated explanations.. All of the activities are organized into 10 "STEPS".. Each STEP leads the students through the process of Adopt-A-Stream.. Youth leaders choose activities from the Handbook from each "STEP" that are best suited to their young participants, curriculum or club, and facilities.. (This guide was designed especially for upper elementary children but it can be tailored for other youth groups and for the lower elementary grades.. ) The activities in the student guide involve small-group cooperative activities, historical and economic research, creative arts and writing activities, data collection and analysis, and hands-on field explorations.. Order form for the Water Detectives.. Middle School Teacher's Handbook (grades 6-9).. The Ecological Exploration.. Are you a technology teacher who's interested in encouraging their young students to be aware of current and developing technologies and their possible effects on water quality and on wildlife populations?.. The Teacher's Guide is organized to provide you with all the information you need to (a) monitor water by "adopting" a waterway, and (b) study wildlife by building a nest box, blind, or feeder.. The first section gives guidelines on how to initiate the water portion of the activity, including basic safety practices for the classroom, for the field, and for chemical work if you choose to use any of the field test kits that are available for water testing.. Next, you will find information on how to get a good sample that is representative of the waterway, and guidelines on selecting sites along (or in) the waterway.. Next are groups of activities you may select from, an evaluating data section, an action guide, and a glossary.. The second section covers the elements of wildlife management and stewardship.. Students then select a project to do, place it in the field, and monitor their results.. The hands-on activities are designed to acquaint students with some of the positive  ...   used by scientists.. Adopt-A-Stream gives classroom learning a meaningful real-life application, and can provide community recognition of the students' efforts.. The Adopt-A-Stream Teacher's Manual has all the information you need to integrate a water quality study into your curriculum.. It is intended to provide assistance while being flexible, allowing for teacher (and student) creativity -- pick and choose from the activities based on your students' capabilities, time, curriculum, and available materials.. Teachers and students first identify community water quality issues to study by researching background information.. From this information, questions can be generated that will be answered by the students' data.. A research plan can be developed.. An understanding of the skills and methods are then needed.. Next, select and carry out those techniques that generate data to answer the questions developed from examining the water quality issues.. Once data is collected and analyzed, participants are encouraged to devise a course of action to put the information to work.. We know that teachers are pressed for time to get across material designated by State Standards.. Adopt-A-Stream is designed to address some of these standards, especially those relating to ecosystems.. Specific NYS Standards relating to each activity are listed after the objectives for all of the activities in this Manual.. Although Adopt-A-Stream is best appreciated and utilized as a field activity, often times field trips are not possible.. In recognition of this, the program has many activities that can be done entirely in the classroom.. Features in this edition include: ready to use activities with teaching information and student assessments, a planning chart, sources for equipment and supplies, diagrams and visual aids (poster potential), charts and dichotomous keys.. The first chapter describes how to get started, and introduces the issue of water quality for the teacher and for the student.. Chapter two features information and activities which initiate students to the task, and gives a perspective on the problem from a watershed approach.. First, students gather information, interview people, and organize their information in a database format.. Next comes practice reading a topographic map to prepare for the following activity where students explore possible pollution sources.. After they examine the types of pollution in the next activity, they examine the historical perspective of their waterway: how was the land managed, and what waterway alterations were done to their waterway?.. The field simulation activities provide necessary practice (skill development) before they go out into the field, or can serve as general lab activities if a field trip is not feasible.. In the next section are basic safety practices for the field, for chemical testing, and for microbiological testing, and of course sampling techniques to get the all-important representative sample for your waterway.. The next four chapters cover the actual water quality tests: physical, chemical, biological, and microbiological.. The last chapter gives guidelines on what can be done with the data generated by the students, and a selection of action activities to encourage participants to improve their waterway.. Appendices have a wealth of pertinent information including sources for equipment, monitoring equipment building instruction, EPA Criteria, Microbiological solutions and media, and visual aids.. Order form for Ecological Integrity..

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  • Title: Adopt-A-Stream -- Monitoring Tools
    Descriptive info: MONITORING EQUIPMENT.. This section provides instructions for building simple, inexpensive devices to use in collecting plankton, aquatic invertebrates, and water samples.. Some of these make excellent projects for Technology classes or youth groups who are interested in "doing something" positive to protect their environment.. Physical Parameter Sampling Equipment.. Stream Flow Meter.. Secchi Disc.. Combination Staff Gauge/Crest Gauge.. Plankton Sampling Equipment.. Plankton Net.. Stationary Plankton Net.. Benthic Macroinvertebrate Sampling Equipment.. Sampling Pans.. Flat-bottomed Dip Net.. Kick Screen.. Surber Sampler.. Transect Dredge.. Artificial Substrate Samplers.. Periphyton Sampler.. Hester-Dendy Sampler..

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  • Title: Adopt-A-Stream -- Data Forms
    Descriptive info: Registration for Adopt-A-Stream.. Tier 1 Macroinvertebrate Worksheet.. Tier 2 Macroinvertebrate Worksheet.. Tier 1a Physical Survey.. Tier 2 Physical Survey..

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  • Title: Adopt-A-Stream -- Water Quality
    Descriptive info: Water quality for a particular waterway is the current condition of the water in that ecosystem.. Each waterway has different capacities of handling (adapting and compensating) for natural changes in the environment such as heavy rain or leaching from soil, or unnatural changes imposed by pollution.. Pollution is generally divided into two categories:.. POINT Source Pollution.. - comes from a specific distinguishable point such as industrial effluent from a pipe.. NON-POINT Source Pollution.. - comes from an area-wide source such as runoff from rural or urban areas that carries a whole array of pollutants.. POINT.. sources of pollution are regulated by state Pollution Discharge Elimination System (PDES), a permit system for discharge of these pollutants.. A PDES permit must be obtained before an owner or operator of any wastewater system  ...   maintain water quality standards.. Water quality standards depend on the classification of the waterway.. Each waterway is classified according to their "best use" and is determined by several factors such as stream flow, existing water quality, and past, present, and desired future uses of the waterway.. Standards and classifications differ by state but in general there are classifications for drinking, swimming, fish propagation, and fishing.. For more information on water quality criteria established by the EPA, click on:.. http://www.. epa.. gov/waterscience/criteria/.. NON-POINT.. sources of pollution are becoming relatively more significant as point sources are brought under control.. The type of pollutant associated with certain land uses is outlined in the "Land Use and Possible Pollution Sources" chart.. Generally one of the most important categories of non-point source pollution is urban runoff..

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  • Title: Adopt-A-Stream -- Measuring Water Quality
    Descriptive info: How will you go about determining the water quality? Water quality is determined by examining the indicators of pollution --- physical, chemical, and biological indicators (or parameters).. PHYSICAL, CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL PARAMETERS:.. The indicators of pollution.. Pollution does not just go into water, but rather into aquatic ecosystems.. The ability of a system to receive and assimilate waste is determined by the physical, chemical, and biological interactions within this system.. These are the indicators we measure to determine levels of pollution.. The response to pollution is a function of the characteristics of both the ecosystem and the nature and quantity of the waste.. Aquatic systems receive from natural and man-made sources a variety of organic and inorganic materials.. These materials through physical, chemical, and biological interaction are transported, rendered, converted, respired, incorporated, excreted, deposited, and in this way, assimilated by the system.. However, not all aquatic systems can receive and assimilate the same quantity or kinds of waste materials.. The capacity of each system to transform waste without damaging the system is due to complex environmental factors.. Some of the physical characteristics of a waterway that determine the ability of a system to receive and assimilate waste materials are: velocity and volume of water, bottom contour, rate of water exchange, currents, depth, light penetration, and temperature.. Flowing systems (streams and rivers) are open systems with continual renewal of water, whereas standing waters (lakes, ponds and reservoirs) are closed systems and act as traps for pollutants.. The unique chemical characteristics of water help determine the kinds and quantities of waste a system may receive.. Some of the important chemical characteristics are alkalinity, pH, and nutrients such as carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus..  ...   give you clues.. Ask questions: what are the historical uses of the waterway, how is it used now, are there discharge sites, where is the watershed, what is the State's Water Quality Standard, what monitoring has been done already? From all this information, you can determine what questions you would like your water quality study to answer.. Where do I look for this information?.. First identify the water body's classification by contacting your State department of environmental quality.. Your State's Water Quality Standards classify waters within it according to their 'best use'.. Each classification has a list of designated uses and values associated with it.. For instance, in New York State, Class AA and A rivers and lakes are a source for drinking, while Class D waters are suitable for secondary contact recreation (boating, etc.. Your monitoring may determine whether the water meets the best use criteria.. Existing water quality and other relevant data, such as soils, geology, land use, and weather (and assistance in interpreting such data), should be requested from appropriate agencies, such as:.. State water quality agency.. U.. S.. Geological Survey.. Local health department.. County planning department.. Department of Agriculture, USDA.. Natural Resource Conservation Service, USDA.. Consolidated Farm Services Agency, USDA.. Extension Service.. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.. Soil and Water Conservation District.. How will you go about determining the water quality?.. Water quality is determined by examining the indicators of pollution ---.. physical.. ,.. chemical.. , and.. biological.. indicators (or parameters).. What methods and materials do you need to answer your questions about the quality of water in your stream, river, lake or pond? The results of all this hard work will be your Research Plan..

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  • Title: Adopt-A-Stream -- Physical, Chemical and Biological Parameters
    Descriptive info: Physical, Chemical and Biological Parameters.. Ecology is the study of the complex system of interrelationships existing among living organisms and their abiotic (physical and chemical) and biotic (living) environments and themselves.. The abiotic factors in the environment determine the ability of organisms to live and reproduce.. We will measure the physical parameters of our waterway, which determine the types of organisms that can live there.. The physical parameters also have strong effects on the chemical and biological measurements.. Factors such as flow velocity, volume of water, bottom contour, currents, depth, light penetration, and temperature govern the ability of a system to receive and assimilate pollution.. To evaluate these data, you need to know the physical status of your waterway in terms of temperature, weather, stream flow, etc.. You also should know whether physical conditions are similar to compare data from different field trips.. The following parameters are just a few that can be measured:.. pH.. Alkalinity.. Dissolved Oxygen.. Nitrate.. Phosphate.. Chloride.. Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD).. EFFECTS ON ECOLOGY.. pH is an important factor in the chemical and biological systems of natural waters.. The toxicity of many compounds is affected by pH.. One example is hydrogen cyanide (HCN).. Cyanide toxicity to fish increases as the pH is lowered.. Similar results have been shown for hydrogen sulfide (H2S).. The solubility of metal compounds contained in bottom sediments or as suspended material also is affected by pH.. As pH decreases, certain metals such as aluminum copper, and lead are more easily dissolved and are leached from soil and sediments into runoff and groundwater entering surface water.. These metals can accumulate on fish gills or cause deformities in fish fry, reducing their chance to survive.. Any precipitation with a low pH is called acid rain.. Acid rain is formed when sulfur and nitrogen oxides, primarily from automobile and coal-powered plant emissions, combine with precipitation to form sulfuric and nitric acids in the atmosphere.. Acid precipitation has acidified some lakes and streams in eastern Canada, Northeastern United States, and Scandinavia.. Water over rocks containing high calcium and magnesium carbonate levels are better able to neutralize acid (such as limestone or dolomite).. The following pH scale shows relative pH ranges that support aquatic life.. At either very high or low pH, the water cannot support most organisms.. Serious problems occur in lakes with pH below 5, and in streams that get a massive acid dose in spring when the acid snows melt (Stapp, 1995).. The alkalinity.. of water expresses its' capacity to neutralize acid; in other words, its' buffering capacity.. Alkalinity is commonly expressed as milligrams per liter (mg/L) of calcium carbonate.. Examples of commonly occurring materials in natural waters that increase the alkalinity are carbonates, bicarbonates, phosphates and hydroxides (EPA, 1972).. Since pH has a direct affect on organisms and an indirect effect on the toxicity of certain other pollutants in the water, the buffering capacity is important to water quality (EPA, 1972).. The buffering capacity of natural water is also important because it determines the effect of acid precipitation.. The lower the alkalinity, the greater the sensitivity of surface water to acid precipitation.. Fish and many other organisms are unable to survive  ...   tanks, and feed lot discharges.. Non-point sources include fertilizers from lawns and farms which leach out of soil and enter water through runoff, animal wastes, leachate from waste disposal in dumps or sanitary landfills, atmospheric fallout (nitric acid deposition), and discharges from automobile exhausts and other combustion processes.. Phosphorus.. present as an element is toxic and can bioaccumulate up the food web in much the same way as mercury and other toxic chemicals.. Phosphorus present as phosphate is an essential nutrient to plant growth (second only to nitrogen), and is also essential to life.. Chloride ion.. Is a component of living things and of many naturally occurring salts.. It enters waterways through erosion and leaching from soil.. Other sources of chloride include seawater intrusion, human and animal wastes, industrial wastes, fertilizers, and winter highway deicing.. Salt spread on streets in winter can soak into adjacent soils and continue to leach into nearby waterways throughout the year.. Biochemical oxygen demand, or BOD.. Estimates the total organic matter in a water sample available for oxidation.. The measurement of oxygen demand is an easy way to detect the degree of pollution by organic matter.. BOD is the difference in oxygen concentration in a water sample before and after incubation for a length of time under specific conditions.. During this time, microorganisms in the sample oxidize the organic matter, using the dissolved oxygen present in the water.. The organic material comes from natural sources and from pollution with sewage, animal wastes, or any kind of organic refuse.. The chemical and physical sampling and analyses provide a broad picture of the parameters that define the aquatic environment.. Now we will examine the living components of the system.. Biological investigation of an aquatic community can determine the extent it has been affected by human activity.. Biological parameters detect water quality problems that other methods may miss or underestimate.. Organisms in their environments are continual monitors of environmental quality, increasing the detection of events such as spills, dumping, treatment plant malfunctions, nutrient enrichment, non-point source pollution (such as agricultural pesticides), cumulative pollution (multiple events over time or continuous low level inputs) or other impacts that chemical sampling is unlikely to detect.. Impacts on the physical habitat such as sedimentation from storm water runoff and the effects of physical or structural habitat changes such as dredging, filling, or channelization can also be detected.. "Resident biota are continual monitors of environmental quality, increasing the detection of episodic events (spills, dumping, treatment plant malfunctions, nutrient enrichment), nonpoint source pollution (agricultural pesticides), cumulative pollution (multiple impacts over time or continuous low-level stress) or other impacts that chemical sampling is unlikely to detect.. Impacts on the physical habitat such as sedimentation from storm water runoff and the effects of physical or structural habitat changes (dredging, filling, channelization) can also be detected.. " (EPA 1994).. Plankton (phytoplankton and zooplankton), benthic macroinvertebrates, aquatic plants, and fish are the most commonly used in assessing biological integrity.. The selection you make will depend on the type of waterway you study.. For example, benthic macroinvertebrates are most often studied for wadeable riffles in streams and rivers.. Algae are often used in lakes to examine eutrophication..

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  • Title: Adopt-A-Stream -- Our Mission
    Descriptive info: OUR MISSION - Delta Laboratories, Inc is a not for profit environmental organization that provides education, guidance and resources for communities and individuals in order to preserve and protect our natural resources and the environment.. For 30 years, Delta Labs has tested the water quality of Upstate New York's rivers and streams.. We have preserved bodies of water and fought hard to clean them up.. We have taught children to value this precious resource.. We invite you to join us in protecting the environment where you live.. Teaching.. Teaching conveys our concern for water quality and the environment to the next generation.. Delta Labs has developed a water quality curriculum that combines age-appropriate scientific information with field activities.. Adopt-A-Stream: The Water detectives is for elementary students; Adopt-A-Stream: Technology and Environmental Impacts if for middle school students; and Adopt-A-Stream: Environmental Integrity is for high school students.. Adopt-A-Stream gives students life-long tools for understanding, caring about, and acting to preserve their waterways.. Help us bring our successful curriculum to your local schools.. By forming teacher/student groups to test the water, our classroom-tested curriculum creates grass  ...   know for sure what potential changes are harmful to the water and the life that depends on clean water is through repeated scientific testing.. Observations can give clues about ecological imbalance.. Testing will identify the hazard.. Is anyone testing the waters in your community? Are they acting on the information to initiate cleanups where necessary?.. Take action, and you can have a lasting impact on the waterways you love.. Preserving.. Preserving means taking personal responsibility for the quality of local waterways.. Work with your schools, outdoor users, environmental groups, and local businesses to adopt a stream, river, or lake in your area.. Just think of the recreational, health, and public relations benefits!.. Five simple steps to start preserving your environment:.. Check out program information for Adopt-A-Stream.. Notice and report environmental trouble spots.. Volunteer to test water in your area.. Contact us to learn how to test and what to do with the information.. Encourage your school system or scouting group to consider the Adopt-A-Stream curriculum.. Contribute to Delta Labs to strengthen our environmental efforts.. Take a step today to help preserve a local waterway..

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