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  • Title: Factor 10 Institute
    Descriptive info: .. Factor 10 Institute.. Home.. About.. Publications.. Literature.. Terms.. Links.. Contact.. The Factor 10 Institute has been created to provide practical support for achieving significant advances in sustainable value creation, in particular through increases in resource productivity throughout the economy.. 2009.. The Factor 10 Institute Blog.. http://www.. factor10.. de/.. January 2008.. Position Paper 08/01: “FUTURE - BEYOND CLIMATIC CHANGE”.. Summary:.. Climatic change is commonly thought to be.. the.. ecological problem.. But even if we had solved this crisis, the systemic mismatch between our economic performance and the stability of the carrier system earth would still remain.. For improving decisively the chances of human survival on our planet, the world-wide generation of welfare must be achieved by 2050 with a per capita ecological footprint of 1.. 8 ha, a per capita consumption of no more than 5 - 6 yearly tons of non-renewable material resources, and an emission of CO2 not exceeding 2 tons per year and person.. These goals imply a manifold dematerialization in the western world, but will allow reasonable growth of resource consumption in many poorer countries.. These goals should be independently reviewed, and where need be adjusted and refined in the light of growing experience and a changing world population.. Considerable practical experience has shown that the chances for achieving these goals are reasonable from a technical point of view - without jeopardizing end use satisfaction..  ...   Provence, it provides a forum for some of the best minds around the globe, who wish to share and discuss pioneering ideas and knowledge with others for safeguarding the life sustaining services of nature.. From here, the first call for a new phase of environmental protection emanated to the international arena in the 90ies.. While symptom-oriented protection measures were - and still are - needed, the future oriented phase of environmental protection must respond to systemic problems, imminent in our current ways in creating welfare.. [read more].. [English].. [html].. 2001.. Schmidt-Bleek receives the Takeda World Environment Award 2001.. Prof.. Dr.. Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek receives the Takeda World Environment Award 2001 for the “Proposal, promotion and implementation of the MIPS and ecological rucksack concept”.. “I developed the MIPS and ecological rucksack concept to make sure that we can produce wealth for all the people on this planet and still live in peace with nature”, said Bio Schmidt-Bleek, the President of the Factor 10 Institute at Carnoules, Provence and recent winner of the Takeda World Environment Award.. ”Unfortunately, current economic and environmental policies will not get us to a sustainable future.. ” he continues and explains that the major problem today is that we reward those who waste natural resources through old fashioned fiscal policies and punish those who hire people for work.. [Deutsch].. [Francais].. Imprint.. Copyright © 2008 Factor 10 Institute..

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  • Title: Factor 10 Institute
    Descriptive info: Factor10 Institute.. Factor10 Club.. Innovation Network.. MIPS Concept.. History.. Schmidt-Bleek.. The Factor10 Institute 2008.. The Factor 10 Institute has been created to provide practical support for achieving significant advances in resource productivity in the production and consumption sectors through:.. The design of eco-efficient logistic systems, processes, and services;.. The development of dematerialized products, services, buildings, and infrastructures with high resource productivity;.. Appropriate marketing strategies, maintenance, recycling and disposal of goods;.. Enhancing consumer information on the environmental quality of products and services;.. The creation and performance of research and development plans;.. Offering seminars for firms, politicians and other interested people, giving practical advice for implementing the Factor 10 and the MIPS-concepts at home, in the public domain, in firms, and in governments;.. Small scale seminars for political and business leaders to identify long-term sustainable economic options;.. Forging coalitions among international initiatives for practical approaches toward sustainability, such as The Natural Step, Sweden, the Zero Emission Forum, Japan, The Environmental Footprint, USA, and the Dutch Sustainable Technology Program.. The Factor 10 Institute takes particular interest in questions relating to the increase in employment and the sustainable financing of governments.. It also provides services to the international Factor 10 Club.. [.. html].. The International Factor 10 Club.. was founded in October 1994 in Carnoules, Provence.. The members hail from 12 countries, including India, Canada, Japan, USA, as well as from most western European countries.. The Factor 10 Club was called into being  ...   and sustainability in general.. A number of projects are now in progress and in the planning stage.. Among them are the training of personell in small, medium, and large enterprises in eco-design, eco-innovation, and marketing of ecoefficient products and services; the training of trainers; analyses of successes and failures of firms in moving toward sustainable performances; consulting with governments on R D plans and the development of legislation; “low-MIPS” retrofitting of housing developments; and developing models for sustainable economies.. The Factor 10 and the MIPS-Concept were developed by Schmidt-Bleek, starting in 1991.. MIPS stands for material input per unit service (utility), S/MI being a measure for resource productivity.. He also coined the term “ecological rucksack” to designate the life-cycle-wide natural resources disturbed in their natural settings for producing, maintaining, and using a product, which he calls “service delivery machine”.. According to Dr.. Fritz Vahrenholt, Member of the Board of Deutsche Shell AG, this is acomprehensive concept, which answers to the most pressing socio-economic and ecological needs of today.. It does not loose itself in theoretical thoughts but shows a practical way out of a dilemma, offering profits and growth while making the path to sustainability accountable.. [pdf / 700 kb].. The Factor 10 History.. Read about the History of MIPS and Factor 10.. Deutsch.. Francais.. [pdf / 100 kb].. Friedrich Schmidt Bleek - CV.. Curriculum Vitae of Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek,.. President of Factor 10 Institute and of the Factor 10 Club..

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  • Title: Factor 10 Institute
    Descriptive info: 2008.. 2006-2007.. 2001-2005.. 1996-2000.. 1993-1995.. Publications by Prof.. Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek,.. Factor 10 Institute (France) and the Factor 10 Club.. Lorenz M.. Hilty, Thomas F.. Ruddy, Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research; Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek, Factor 10 Institute.. From the Natural Sciences to Economics.. A glimpse of what is to come at the World Resources Forum (WRF) 16th September 2009, Davos, Switzerland.. [pdf / 650 kb].. Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek.. FUTURE - Beyond Climatic Change.. Position Paper 01/2008.. [pdf / 350 kb].. The Factor 10 Institute 2008.. 2007.. Forum für Verantwortung.. Nutzen wir die Erde richtig?.. Fischer Verlag, ISBN 978-3-569-17275-7.. [pdf / 64 kb].. Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek.. Europe Innova Meeting.. Keynote – The Future of Eco-Innovation (11/2007).. Aufruf.. 02/2007.. 2006.. Europe INNOVA Conference.. Re-Innovating Europe: Challenges for Clusters and Innovative Busines.. [pdf / 108 kb].. Europe INNOVA.. Europe Innova Innovation Watch.. ECO-INNOVATION PANEL, 1st meeting on 4 April 200.. [pdf / 56 kb].. Positionspapier 2006.. Ausgewählte Entwicklungen zum Thema Umgang mit natürlichen Ressourcen und Folgen daraus.. [pdf / 160 kb].. Etablir une Economie Durable - Principale Considerations (2006).. 2005.. Joachim Wille.. Grüner Plan aus Japan.. Artikel der Frankfurter Rundschau.. [pdf / 36 kb].. 2004.. Zukunftsrat NRW.. NRW 2015.. Bericht des Zukunftsrates NRW.. Future Council NRW.. Report of the Future Council of the German State of Northrhine Westfalia.. [pdf / 200 kb].. Systemic Fiscal reforms for a Future with Future.. Approaching and Measuring Sustainabilit y.. key lecture at International Conference Tampere, Finland / Towards Sustainable Futures - Tools and Strategies , 14/15 June 2004.. On the need for radical new policies.. Der ökologische Rucksack, Wirtschaft für eine Zukunft mit Zukunft.. News Item for the book published by Hirtzel Verlag (2004).. 2003.. Anregungen und Empfehlungen zur zukünftigen Ausformulierung des Umweltprogramms der Republik Österreich in Bezug auf Ressourcenproduktivität.. Querschnittspapier für das Faktor 10 Institut/Austria.. Carnoules/Wien, Oktober 2000.. [pdf / 150 kb].. 2002.. Stefan Bringezu.. Towards Sustainable Resource Management in the European Unio.. Wuppertal Papers No.. 121, January 2002.. [pdf /  ...   for Wealth Nations.. [pdf / 500 kb].. Carnoules Appeal for Global Welfare.. Provence, June 2000.. Sustainable Development.. [doc / 100 kb].. Nachhaltigen Nutzen Gestalten.. Einführung für ein Buch zum Wuppertal Haus, 2000.. [pdf / 60 kb].. 1999.. Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek, Christopher Manstein, Gerhard Weihs.. Klagenfurt Innovation.. Transnational Report (June 1999).. [pdf / 250 kb].. Factor 10 Club - Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek.. Factor 10 Report - Chapter I.. Making sustainability accountable putting resource productivity into practice.. [pdf / 380 kb].. Factor 10 Club - Yannis Paleocrassas.. Factor 10 Report - Chapter II.. Fiscal Reform, Resource Productivity, and Employment.. [pdf / 510 kb].. Factor 10 Club - F.. Lehner, W.. Bierter, Tony Charles.. Factor 10 Report - Chapter III.. Resource Productivity, Competitivness, and Employment in the Advanced Economie.. Questions to Economists.. 1999.. [pdf / 80 kb].. 1997.. Factor 10 Club.. Carnoules Statement 1997.. 1997.. 1996.. Carnoules Statement 1996.. [pdf / 70 kb].. 1994.. How to reach a sustainable Economy?.. Wuppertal Institut, Wuppertal Papers Nr.. 24, 1994.. Carnoules Statement 1994.. [doc / 70 kb].. Factor 10 Club members 1994.. 1993.. Book MIPS The Fossil Makers 1993.. Introduction.. Introduction.. Chapter I.. Humans are a Part of the Biosphere.. Chapter II.. Environmental Policy Today.. Chapter III.. MIPS: A New Ecological Measure.. Chapter IV.. SIPS: A New Measure for Land Use.. Chapter V.. Factor 10.. Chapter VI.. Services and Consumption.. Chapter VII.. Design: From Repair to a Fresh Start.. Chapter VIII.. The Market and ist Signals.. Chapter IX.. The Instrumental Side of Ecological Structural Change.. Appendix and Glossar.. The Factor 10 Institute.. The Factor 10/MIPS-Concept.. Bridging Ecological, Economic, and Social Dimensions.. with Sustainability Indicators.. The Essentials for a Sustainable Economy.. The Factor 10/MIPS Concept in Brief.. Steps and Criteria for ecological design.. Key Design Properties for Eco-Design.. Pages (html).. Materialien zur Aus- und Fortbildung im Bereich Dematerialisierung /.. Teaching and Training for dematerialization.. [Deutsch/English].. Kernkompetenzen / Key Competences.. Zentrale Thesen zur Anährerung an die Nachhaltigkeit.. Die 7 goldenen Regeln für Produkte von morgen:..

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  • Title: Factor 10 Institute
    Descriptive info: MIPS/Factor10 in:.. politics.. general concept.. applications.. case studies.. makro-economy.. indicators.. Dematerialisation in Politics.. United Nations:.. Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting.. Handbook of National Accounting.. Studies in Methods, Series F, No.. 61, 1993, New York.. M.. Kuhn, W.. Radermacher, C.. Stahmer:.. Umweltoekonomische Trends 1960 bis 1990.. Wirtschaft und Statistik.. Heft 8, S.. 658 bis 677, Wiesbaden, 1994.. Factor 10 Club:.. Carnoules Recommendations.. 1994, 1995; Carnoules Statement to Government and Business Leaders, 1997; Reports, 1999.. Available from the Factor 10 Institute, La Rabassière, F-83660 Carnoules.. Federal Statistical Office:.. Umwelt: Umweltökonomische Gesamtrechnungen - Material und Energieflussrechnungen.. Fachserie 19, Reihe 5, Wiesbaden 1995.. S.. Bringezu, M.. Fischer-Kowalski, R.. Kilin, V.. Palm:.. Analysis in Action: Support for Policy towards Sustainability by Material Flow Accounting, Proceedings of the ConAccount Conference 11-12 September.. Wuppertal Institut.. F.. Schmidt-Bleek (with W.. Bierter):.. Das MIPS Konzept - Faktor 10.. Droemer Knaur, Muenchen, 1998.. Federal Ministry for the Environment:.. Draft Programme for Priority Areas in Environmental Policy.. Bonn, 1998.. Lehner, F.. Schmidt-Bleek:.. Die Wachstumsmaschine - der oekonomische Charme der Oekologie.. Droemer, Muenchen, 1999.. Topic Report No.. 11/1999.. Making Sustainability Accountable.. European Environment Agency, Kopenhagen.. Factor 10 Club Reports: F.. Schmidt-Bleek:.. Factor 10: Making Sustainability Accountable - Putting Resource Productivity Into Praxis.. Franz Lehner, Tony Charles and Willy Bierter:.. Factor 10 and Competitiveness in Industry.. a Report by The Factor 10 Club, 1999;.. Yannis John Paleocrassas:.. Factor 10 and Fiscal Reforms.. a Report by The Factor 10 Club, 1999.. Available from the Factor 10 Institute, La Rabassière, F-83660 Carnoules.. P.. Hawken, E.. Lovins, H.. Lovins:.. Natural Capitalism, Creating the Next Industrial Revolution.. Little, Brown, New York, 1999.. Factor 10 Institute and United Nations University.. Carnoules Appeal for Global Welfare.. Tokyo, June 2000.. Factor 10 Club - The Alliance for Global Eco-Structuring (AGES.. Carnoules Meeting in 2001, Statement to the leaders in Government, Business, International Organisations and NGO's, Preparing the RIO plus 10 Meeting at Johannesburg in 2002.. Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek:.. Carnoules/Wien, Oktober 2003.. Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek (Hrsg.. ):.. Hirzel Verlag, Stuttgart/Leipzig 2004.. Report of the Future Council of the German State of Northrhine Westfalia.. March 2004.. Systemic Fiscal reforms for a Future with Future.. 2004.. International Conference Tampere, Finland, Towards Sustainable Futures - Tools and Strategies.. 14/15 June 2004.. Factor 10/MIPS concept in general.. Wieviel Umwelt braucht der Mensch - MIPS, das Mass für oekologisches Wirtschaften.. Birkhaeuser, Basel, Boston, Berlin, 1993; appeared in Japanese, Chinese and Finnish; English translation:.. Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek and Coworkers:.. A Series of Articles in "Fresenius Environmental Bulletin".. Special Edition 8/93, Birkhaeuser, Basel, Boston, Berlin, 1993.. Gunter Pauli:.. Breakthroughs.. 1995.. W.. Stahel:.. "Handbuch Abfall 1, Allgemeine Kreislauf- und Rueckstandswirtschaft, Intelligente Produktionsweisen und Nutzungskonzepte.. Umweltministerium Baden-Wuerttemberg, 1995.. Ernst U.. von Weizäcker et al.. Faktor 4.. Droemer, Muenchen 1995.. Bierter et.. al.. Oekointelligente Produkte, Dienstleistungen und Arbeit.. Wuppertal Special 2, 1996, ISBN 3-929944-02-2.. World Resources Institute, Washington, D.. C.. (and other institutes):.. Resource Flows; The material Basis of Industrial Economies.. A joint report by the World Resources Institute, the Wuppertal Institut, the Netherlands Ministry for Housing, Spatial Planning, and Environment, and the Japanese Institute for Environmental Studies, Washington, D.. C.. , April, 1997.. This report is based upon the Bringezu Methodology (Wuppertal Institut) for assessing Total Material Flows (TMF) for economic units.. Bierter):.. Das MIPS Konzept - Faktor 10.. Droemer Knaur, Muenchen, 1998.. Paul Hawken, E.. Lovins.. H.. Natural Capitalism.. New York, 1999.. Schmidt-Bleek (aided by H..  ...   case studies/methodology.. Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek and Ursula Tischner:.. Produktentwicklung, Nutzen Gestalten, Natur Schonen.. WIFI Brochure No.. 270, Wirtschaftskammer, Vienna, 1995.. Holger Rohn, Christopher Manstein:.. Materialintensitätsanalysen von Grund-, Werk- und Baustoffen.. Der Werkstoff Aluminium.. Materialintensität von Getränkedosen.. 37, Juni 1995.. Christopher Manstein:.. Das Elektrizitätsmodul im MIPS-Konzept.. Materialintensitätsanalyse der bundesdeutschen Stromversorgung.. 51, Juni 1996.. MAIA, Einführung in die Material-Intensitäts-Analyse nach dem MIPS-Konzept.. Birkhaeuser, Basel, Boston, Berlin, 1998.. Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek (with H.. Moss and H.. Waginger):.. Ecodesign, Oeko-effiziente Produkte und ihre Vermarktung.. Wirtschaftskammer - WIFI - Oesterreich, Wien, 1998.. Schmidt-Bleek, Ch.. Manstein:.. Klagenfurt Innovation.. Klagenfurt, 1999/2, ISBN 3 900743 74 6, Report On An Eco-Design Training Program For 50 Small And Medium Sized Enterprises.. 11/199.. Ryoichi Yamamoto:.. Manifesto For Ecodesign.. Tokyo University, February, 1999.. the F 10 IN is currently elaborating functions, costs, etc for Resource Productivity and material Flow centers on behalf of the German and Austrian research ministries.. Michael Ritthof, Holger Rohn, Christa Liedtke:.. MIPS berechnen.. Ressourcenproduktivität von Produkten und Dienstleistungen.. Wuppertal Spezial 27; Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie 2002.. Willy Bierter, Gert Irgang, Christopher Manstein, Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek:.. PROREGIS - Productivity Registry - Center for Resource Productivity Factors for Wealth Creation.. Machbarkeitsstudie des Factor 10 Innovation Networks im Auftrag des deutschen Bundesministeriums für Bildung und Forschung sowie des österreichischen Bundesministeriums für Verkehr, Innovat9 ion und Technologie, Giebenach, Altach, Klagenfurt, Carnoules 2000.. Factor10/MIPS in makro-economic application.. Stefan Bringezu:.. Towards increasing resource productivity: How to measure the total material consumption of regional or national economies?.. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, Vol.. 2, No 8,1993.. German Federal Statistical Office:.. Umwelt: Umweltoekonomische Gesamtrechnungen -Material und Energieflussrechnungen.. S, Bringezu, H.. Schütz:.. Analyse des Stoffverbrauchs der deutschen Wirtschaft.. in: Köhn, J.. , Welfens, M.. (Hrsg.. ): Neue Ansätze in der Umweltökonomie.. Marburg: Metropolis-Verlag, 1996.. Ressourcennutzung in Wirtschaftsräumen.. Stoffstromanalysen für eine nachhaltige Raumentwicklung.. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York 2000.. Stefan Bringezu (with Helmut Schütz and Stefan Moll):.. Towards Sustainable Resource Management in the EU.. Wuppertal Institut, Wuppertal Papers, Januar 2002.. Ein Denkbarer Stufenplan zum Anschub der Dematerialisierung der Wirtschaft und der Schaffung neuer Arbeitsplaetze.. December 2003.. Erdlandung - Navigation zu den Ressourcen der Zukunft.. Hirzel 2004.. Hartmut Fischer, Karl Lichtblau, Bernd Meyer und Janina Scheelhaase:.. Wachstum und Beschäftigungsimpulse rentabler Materialeinsparungen.. Wirtschaftsdienst, Issue 4, April 2004.. This study was financed by the Aachen Foundation Kathy Beys.. Indicators.. OEC:.. Core-Set of Indicators for Environmental Performance Reviews.. Environment Monographs No.. 83, OCDE/GD (93)179.. A.. Gies, M.. Pohl, R.. Walz:.. Entwicklung von Indikatoren für eine nachhaltige Entwicklung.. Synopse gegenwaertiger Ansaetze.. Entwurf.. Umweltbundesamt, Berlin, 1994.. UNSTAT:.. Provisional List of Indicators for Sustainable Development to be included in the Work Programme on Indicators for Submission to the third Session of the CSD,.. United Nations, New York September 1994.. Hammond, A.. Adriaanse, E.. Rodenburg, D.. Bryant, R.. Woodward:.. Environmental Indicators: A Sytematic Approach to Measuring and Reporting on Environmental Policy Performance in the Context of Sustainable Development.. , 1995.. SCOPE Paris:.. Indicators of Sustainable Development in Decisionmaking.. Conclusions of a Workshop held in Ghent, January 1995; UNEP Nairobi: "Sustainable Development Indicators", Earth Views, Volume 2, No.. 3, p.. 2, September 1995.. UN-CSD:.. Indicators of sustainable developments - Framework and methodology.. United Nations, New York, 1996.. UK Department for the Environment:.. Indicators for sustainable development for the UK.. London, 1997.. J.. Spangenberg, O.. Bonniot:.. Proactive Interlinkage Indicators - A Compass on the Road Towards Sustainability.. Wuppertal Paper No.. 81, Wuppertal Institut, 1998..

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  • Title: Factor 10 Institute
    Descriptive info: B.. D.. E.. G.. I.. K.. L.. N.. O.. Q.. R.. T.. U.. V.. X.. Y.. Z.. Français.. Abiotic raw materials.. are all materials which are extracted directly from nature, are not renewable and not yet processed, including extracted materials which are not used (for example mining waste, excavated material from constructing a basement or a house, other excavated materials, etc.. ).. Air.. is included in the MIPS concept if it is changed in its chemical or physical characteristics.. Auxiliary materials.. are materials which are involved in a process but merely fulfill an auxiliary function (for example release agents).. Basic materials and building materials.. are materials or substances which are employed in a process (for example, steel, PVC or glass).. Biotic raw materials.. are all organic materials extracted directly from nature, for example, soilage, mushrooms, trees, fish, wild animals, unprocessed cotton.. Capacity utilization.. denotes the actual use of the volume or the capacity for which a good is designed (for example, a fully-occupied car, a half-filled dishwasher).. Capital.. in the language of economics denotes the total assets of money, machinery, facilities, as well as land.. To describe monetary assets only, the term financial capital is used.. Capital productivity.. is the amount of goods and services produced per unit of capital employed.. If the same product can be produced in the same quantity and quality on two different machines which have different prices, then capital productivity is higher if the cheaper machine is purchased.. COPS (Cost Per Unit of Service).. refers to the monetary costs for a defined service (a defined unit of utility or service) which is rendered either on a person-to-person basis or by machines (for example, dispensing cash by an automated teller machine).. Cycles.. are natural and technical material flows which return to their original state at their point of origin.. There are no technical cycles without losses.. Dematerialization.. The diminution in use of natural resources for generating material wealth by technical means.. Earth-moving.. includes all movements of earth caused by technology in the construction, agriculture, and forestry sectors, in other words, overburdens, plowed earth, erosion, etc.. Eco-efficiency.. means the delivery of competitively priced goods and services which satisfy human needs and produce quality of life while progressively reducing ecological impacts and resource intensity, through the life cycle, to a level at least in line with the earth's estimated carrying capacity (following Frank Bosshardt, Business Council for Sustainable Development, 1991).. Eco-industry.. is that part of industry which conducts eco-innovation in a pro-active and verifiable manner, including businesses that provide new solutions for legal standards, norms, and requirements.. Eco-innovation.. means the creation of novel and competitively priced goods, processes, systems, services, and procedures that can satisfy human needs and bring quality of life to all people with a life-cycle-wide minimal use of natural resources (material including energy carriers, and surface area) per unit output, and a minimal release of toxic substances.. INNOVA EUROPE Report of the EU Commission, 2008.. Eco-intelligent (eco-efficient).. service is the purpose oriented generation of utility within the technosphere by employing technical means with the highest possible resource productivity and the lowest possible emissions of harmful substances.. Ecological price.. encompasses the entire material input or the material added value in units of weight from the cradle of the resources to the product when it is ready to be sold and to provide a service.. It is the ecological rucksack of the product plus the product's weight.. Ecological rucksack of a product.. is defined as its material input from cradle to the point of sale, MI (including energy) minus its own weight (own mass).. Unit: kilograms, metric tons.. Ecological rucksack of a service.. is the sum of the shares of the rucksacks of the technical means employed (for example, equipment, vehicles, and buildings), plus the sum of its share of materials and energy used while the technical means are employed.. Ecosphere.. is mankind's natural environment.. Efficiency.. The effectiveness with which means are introduced into an existing process in order to attain a defined output (see, in contrast: productivity).. Emissions.. are contaminations of the air, noises, vibrations, light, heat, radiation, and similar energetic or material phenomena which come from a facility, a vehicle or piece of equipment.. Energy.. carriers are materials of all aggregate states which yield thermal energy (for example mineral oil, oil sands, coal or firewood).. Environment.. encompasses animals, plants, microorganisms, water, air, and soils as well as all the interactions between them.. Environmental capital.. is a metaphor for describing the stock of natural resources.. This term is somewhat strange from a natural science point of view.. Nothing can be removed from nature or even moved within nature by technology without changing its functions and thus the life-sustaining services of nature.. The marked prices for abiotic and biotic raw materials, water, soil and air are not reflecting what economists call environmental externalities , and most likely they never will, because removing resources from their natural position causes inevitably changes of environmental services, changes that are rarely predictable with scientific methods, nor can they ever be completely measured, stimulated, qualified, quantified, or localized.. Perhaps the term environmental capital is useful when discussing the issue of quantities of natural resources remaining in place for future generations.. But this can meaningfully be computed only in terms of kg or tons.. Environmental changes (e.. g.. climatic change).. are the consequence of human impacts on the services of nature by setting flows of natural material in motion or denaturalizing surfaces.. The environmental media are soil, water, and air.. Environmental Protection.. is the maintenance of the life-sustaining services of nature.. Environmental stress potential.. is the capacity of a process, a good or a service to cause changes in environmental services.. It  ...   (for crushing limestone).. Operating materials.. are materials that serve to carry out processes, but are not present in the resulting product (for example, cleaning and cooling agents).. Output encompasses.. everything that results from a process, a procedure or a behavior.. Output need not be material in nature; enjoyment and pleasure can also be outputs.. Person-kilometer.. The number of people transported multiplied by the distance in kilometers yields the number of person-kilometers (pkm).. A unit of measurement for transportation performance.. Transporting one person over a distance of one kilometer means transportation performance of one person-kilometer.. In this sense, the transportation performance is the same if two people are transported over a distance of one kilometer each or if one person is transported over a distance of two kilometers.. Processes.. are procedures or techniques in which inputs are intentionally transformed into at least one output (for example, shaped sheet metal, a chemical, or enjoyment of a painting).. Products.. are usable result of a technical or natural process.. Serviceable products (Service delivery machines).. are goods that were produced for use or consumption and that can provide utility by being used (for example, robots, sundials, automobiles, mousetraps, spoons, oil paintings).. In addition, there are non-serviceable goods, such as bars of gold or aluminum profiles.. Industrial products.. are foods, medicines, infrastructures, machines, equipment, tools, instruments, vehicles, and buildings produced with technical means in the technosphere.. Natural product.. are gases, liquids or solids produced by nature when appropriate materials, energy, water, and nutrients interact.. Productivity.. yield of production of goods or services.. While efficiency describes the effectiveness of the use of the available means, productivity measures the result, in other words, the yield of products and services, regardless of which means were employed to obtain the result.. Productivity of labor.. A term to denote the amount of products or services which can be produced with a given amount of work, that is, within a given period of time by a given number of people, usually by employing technology.. Therefore, productivity of labor is the amount of goods or services produced per hour and per person working.. Productivity can be increased by boosting efficiency, that is, if available means of production are exploited in an optimal fashion.. But as a rule, much greater increases can be achieved by employing entirely new production methods (machines, organization of work, management).. Prosperity.. is not to be confused with material wealth.. Prosperity also includes health, freedom from fear, displacement, and social marginalization, as well as the opportunity for self-determination, freedom of opinion, and the inviolability of the dignity of the individual insofar as one bears complete responsibility for one's own decisions.. Resource productivity.. is the amount of goods and services which can be produced per unit of input of resources (materials, surface area, energy).. Resources.. as defined in the MIPS concept are all naturally available abiotic and biotic raw materials, water, soil, land, and non-material forms of energy that can be used to create goods and services.. Service (technically provided service).. is the purpose-oriented generation of utility within the technosphere by employing technical means.. All man-made services require the use of technology.. Services can be rendered either by humans or by machines.. Services of the ecosphere (Services provided by nature).. are provided free of charge, and without exception they are necessary for supporting life.. For example, they include sufficient availability of healthy water in liquid form and clean air for breathing, formation and preservation of fertile soils, protection from dangerous radiation from outer space, diversity of species, and the reproductive power of sperms and seeds.. They cannot be produced by technical means in any meaningful quantity, and unwise economic activities can damage them locally as well as globally.. Consequences of damage to ecosphere services which can already be measured today include soil erosion, extinction of species, climate change, extreme weather conditions, scarcity of water on all continents, and floods.. Some of these changes are irreversible, and others are reversible only over long periods of time as measured by the length of human life.. Sustainability.. has three fundamental dimensions: economic social, and ecologic.. The ecological dimension determines the corridors for economic and social developments because the availability of natural resources is limited and the vital services of the ecosphere can be diminished or annihilated, but not replaced, by human activity.. Sustainability is the capacity of the economic system to provide prosperity for all and, at the same time, to secure the natural, social, and economic foundations that this capacity depends on for the future.. Achieving sustainability necessitates overcoming current challenges today and not shifting the burden to the shoulders of future generations.. Sustainable economic activity.. is service-oriented and knowledge-intensive.. It creates prosperity comparable to the level attained in industrialized countries at the beginning of the twenty-first century with at most one-tenth the use of natural resources.. Dematerialization is a necessary, but not sufficient condition for approaching sustainability.. Technosphere.. is the area of life created by mankind using natural resources and by technical means.. Total Material Flow (TMF).. or Total Material Requirement (TMR) is a robust economic indicator to measure the annual total amount of natural materials (abiotic, biotic, and movements of earth) including rucksacks which are processed through an economic area by technical means (metric tons per year).. The term MI (TMR) is also used regarding the MI of products and services when the rucksack categories abiotic, biotic, and movements of earth are presented in added form.. Utility.. is a measure for the capacity of goods to satisfy people's needs.. MIPS is the ecological price of utility.. Wastes.. are materials or products rejected as useless or worthless.. In many countries wastes must be recycled or disposed of in legally prescribed ways..

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  • Title: Factor 10 Institute
    Descriptive info: Aachener Stiftung Kathy Beys.. ALTIA.. bamboocentral.. Baufritz - Die Freiheit des gesunden Bauens.. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe.. Care - Computergestützte Ressourceneffizienz-Rechnung in der mittelständischen Wirtschaft.. CargoCap.. CityEL FactFour - das sparsamste KFZ der Welt.. Corporate Register.. Corporate Social Responsibility Reports.. Club of Rome.. Earth Policy Institute.. Ecodesign Beispielsammlung Österreich.. Effiziensagentur NRW, EFA.. Effizienzbörse.. - Die Öko-Effizienz-Börse ist eine umfangreiche Internetplattform für öko-effiziente Produkte und Dienstleistungen.. Energieagentur NRW.. Ender Klimatechnik Gesmbh.. Envoronmental policy research centre.. European environment agency.. Europäische Studie zur Dematerialisierung und Digitalisierung mit Praxisbeispielen.. Eurosolar.. Faktor 10 Institute, France.. Faktor 10 Institut (Austria).. Faktor X.. "Forschung für Nachhaltigkeit" des BMBF.. Forschungsstelle für Umweltpolitik der Freien Universtität Berlin.. Forum for the Future.. Fraunhofer Gesellschaft.. GREENoneTEC Solarindustrie GmbH.. Global Reporting Initiative der UN: Richtlinien zur Erstellung von Nachhaltigkeitsberichten.. Häring.. - Häring Co.. AG.. Hans Sperger Industrieputzlappen GesmbH.. Helsinki Metropolitan Area Council.. Hess Natur-Textilien GmbH Co.. KG.. Hochschule Wädenswil - Fachabteilung Umwelt und Natürliche Ressourcen.. Informationssystem Nachwachsende Rohstoffe.. Institut für Internationale und Europäische Umweltpolitik.. Institut für Produktdauerforschung.. Institut für ökologische Wirtschaftsforschung (IÖW) Nachhaltige Dienstleistungen und Systeminnovationen.. International Institute for Sustainable  ...   e.. V.. Ökoeffizienz-Netzwerk des Wuppertal Instituts.. Ökosoziales Forum.. Organic Development Support.. Portal U- Umweltportal Deutschland.. Product Life Institute.. Portal zum Umwelttechnologietransfer des Umweltbundesamts.. Rat für nachhaltige Entwicklung.. Redefining progress.. Rhombergbau GmbH.. I.. O.. Innovationspreis der Aachener Stiftung.. Rocky Mountain Institute.. Schoeller Textil AG.. SkySails GmbH.. Statistiken erneuerbare Energie.. Statistisches Bundesamt.. Sustainable Development International.. Sustainable Europe Research Institute.. SustainAbility.. Sustainable Asset Management.. Sustainable Business - We help Green Businesses Grow.. The Resource Center on Business, the Environment, and the Bottom Line.. The Natural Step.. THOMA HOLZ GmbH.. Thule-Institu.. ULTRA - Urban Light Transport.. United Nations Environment Programme / Division of Technology, Industry and Economics.. Ukko-Uuni.. VDI - Technologiezentrum - Abteilung "Zukünftige Technologien".. VR Group, Finnish Railway.. Wasserstoff-Seite der Ludwig Bölkow Systemtechnik.. Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin/ Forschungsprofessur Umweltpolitik.. Wirth Bierter Sustainable Business Innovation.. World Resources Institute.. Worldwatch Institute.. Wuppertal Institut - MIPS online.. WWF.. Zukunftsfähige und nachhaltige Entwicklung von Unternehmen, Kommunen und Regionen.. Awards for Dematerialization:.. O Innovationspreis.. steht für Ressourcen Input Optimierung.. schafft wettbewerbsfähige Güter und Dienstleistungen mit einem Bruchteil der bislang benötigten Ressourcen.. Der Effizienzpreis NRW 2003.. Drer Preis des neuen Denkens..

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  • Title: Factor 10 Institute
    Descriptive info: Adresse.. Impressum.. President Factor 10 Institute.. Adresse:.. La Rabassière.. Carrère des Bravengues.. F 83660 Carnoules.. Tél.. et Fax ++33 494 332458..

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  • Title: Factor 10 Institute
    Descriptive info: Friedrich Bio Schmidt-Bleek, President.. “Factor 10/MIPS is a comprehensive concept, which answers to the most pressing socio-economic and ecological needs of today.. It does not loose itself in theoretical thoughts but shows a practical way out of a dilemma, offering profits and growth while making the path to the future”.. Fritz Vahrenholt, formerly Environment Minister and Member of the Board of Deutsche Shell AG.. “Within one generation, nations can achieve a ten-fold increase in the efficiency with which they use energy, resources and other materials”.. Quotation from the 1994 Declaration of the International Factor 10 Club.. “We call upon governments, industry, international and non-governmental organizations, to adopt a factor ten increase in energy and resource productivity as a strategic goal for the new Millennium".. From the 1997 Carnoules Statement to Government and Business Leaders of the International Factor 10 Club.. “For improving decisively the chances of human survival on planet earth, the world-wide generation of welfare must be achieved by 2050 with a per capita ecological footprint of 1.. 8 ha, a per capita consumption of 5 – 6 yearly tons of non-renewable material resources, and an emission of CO2 not exceeding 2 tons per year and person.. These goals imply a manifold dematerialization in the western world, but will allow reasonable growth in many poorer countries”.. 2008 Position Paper 08/01, "Future beyond Climate Change", Factor 10 Institute.. The non-profit Factor 10 Institute is a kind of virtual institute , operating with a very limited permanent staff.. Located in the hills of southern Provence, it provides a forum for some of the best minds around the globe, who wish to share and discuss pioneering ideas and knowledge with others for safeguarding the life sustaining services of nature.. While symptom-oriented protection measures were – and still are – needed, the future oriented phase of “environmental protection” must respond to systemic problems, imminent in our current ways in creating welfare.. At the beginning of Schmidt-Bleek's work on policies to save the future, a tenfold increase in resource productivity seemed ludicrous to many..  ...   Developing policy and legal approaches toward a future with future;.. Identifying practical opportunities for changing economic and cultural priorities;.. Re-financing national budgets;.. Increasing resource productivity through eco-innovation and changing consumption patterns;.. Conducting seminars for identifying long-term sustainable economic, educational, and commercial options;.. Advising governments, SME’s, banks, retailers etc.. to meet the ecological, social, and economic challenges, including and beyond climatic change;.. Stimulating and supporting public debate on ecological sustainability issues;.. Enhancing consumer information on the environmental quality of products and services;.. Stimulating eco-innovation, and the design of research priorities;.. Training entrepreneurs in the development of dematerialized processes, products, services, buildings, and infrastructures with high resource productivity;.. Establishing eco-design centers.. was developed by Schmidt-Bleek, starting in 1989.. MIPS stands for the life-cycle-wide material input per unit service (utility or value derivable from a product), S/MI being a measure for resource productivity.. He also coined the term "ecological rucksack" to account for the total input of natural material and energy while creating a product.. His original concept of measuring the yearly Total Material Flow through an economy - TMF - (Total material Requirement) has been introduced into national accounts.. The international Factor 10 Club.. was founded in October 1994.. The members hail from 14 countries, including India, Thailand, China, Canada, Japan, USA, as well as from most western European countries.. The Factor 10 Club was called into being because of mounting concerns over the uncharted role of human-induced global material and energy flows, and the ecological ramifications of their unchecked growth.. In response to increasing demands in industry and administrations,.. was founded in 1998.. It provides practical help for increasing resource productivity in production and consumption, for appropriate management structures in moving from the age of consuming products to the solution of problems, and for questions related to sustainability in general.. It has considerable practical experience resulting from consulting with hundreds of enterprises.. For information please turn to Dr.. Christa Liedtke,.. ; DI Christopher Manstein,.. Factor 10 Institute Austria.. , or Dr.. Willy Bierter, Vice Président, Institut de Facteur 10 (bierter[at]bluewin.. ch)..

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  • Title: Factor 10 Institute
    Descriptive info: Takeda World Environment Award 2001.. Schmidt-Bleek receives the.. for the Proposal, promotion and implementation of the MIPS and ecological rucksack concept.. I developed the MIPS and ecological rucksack concept to make sure that we can produce wealth for all the people on this planet and still live in peace with nature , said Bio Schmidt-Bleek, the President of the Factor 10 Institute at Carnoules, Provence and recent winner of the Takeda World Environment Award.. Unfortunately, current economic and environmental policies will not get us to a sustainable future.. he continues and explains that the major problem today is that we reward those who waste natural resources through old fashioned fiscal policies and punish those who hire people for work.. Still , he adds there are already today a number of forward looking companies who increase the resource productivity of their products and services.. They go in this direction  ...   language, PC c carry an enormous ecological rucksack.. Schmidt-Bleek s concept calls for considerable economic, social and technical innovation to satisfy people s needs with much less input of natural resources than today - at least a factor 10 - for generating the same - or even better - value or utility as output.. This relationship he calls MIPS - Material Input Per unit Service - and he uses it as a design principle and to measure and compare the ecological price of all goods, infrastructures and services.. The Takeda Foundation in Japan is a new foundation that promotes the creation and application of engineering intellect and knowledge.. The monetary value for the award is 100 million Japanese yen in three fields.. Schmidt-Bleek received the Takeda World Environment Award for the Proposal, promotion and implementation of the MIPS and ecological rucksack concept , together with Ernst Ulrich von Weizsaecker..

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  • Title: Factor 10 Institute
    Descriptive info: Schmidt-Bleek erhält den Takeda World Environment Award 2001.. für Vorschlag, Verbreitung und Anwendung des MIPS- und ökologischen Rucksack Konzeptes ( Proposal, promotion and implementation of the MIPS and ecological rucksack concept ).. Ich habe das Konzept für MIPS und den ökologischen Rucksack entwickelt, um sicherzustellen, dass wir auch in Zukunft Wohlstand für alle Menschen auf dieser Erde schaffen können und dennoch in Frieden leben mit der Natur sagte Bio Schmidt-Bleek, Präsident des Faktor 10 Institutes in Carnoules/Povence und Gewinner des Takeda Welt Preises für Umwelt.. Leider führen weder die heutige Wirtschaftspolitik noch die Umweltpolitik zur Nachhaltigkeit fügt er hinzu.. Das Hauptproblem besteht darin, dass wir mit unserer altmodischen Geld- und Steuerpolitik diejenigen belohnen, welche Ressourcen verschwenden und die bestrafen, welcheMenschen Arbeit geben könnten.. Dennoch , so sagt er, gibt es heute schon einige zukunftsorientierte Firmen, welche die Ressourcenproduktivität ihrer Produkte und Dienstleistungen verbessern.. Sie tun dies, weil sie auch in 10 oder 20 Jahren  ...   Konzept von Schmidt-Bleek verlangt nach ganz erheblichen Innovationen technischer, wirtschaftlicher und sozialer Art, um die Bedürfnisse der Menschen mit viel weniger natürlichen Ressourcen als heute befriedigen zu können.. Nach Schmidt-Bleek muss künftig zumindest ein Faktor 10 weniger an natürlichen Ressourcen ausreichen, um den gleichen oder vielleicht sogar besseren - Nutzen als Output zu schaffen.. Das Verhältnis von Ressourceninput zu Nutzenoutput hat er MIPS getauft Material Input Per unit Service.. Er nutzt MIPS als Designprinzip, und um ökologische Preise für Produkte jedweder Art, für Infrastrukturen und Dienstleistungen zu messen und zu vergleichen.. Die Takeda Stiftung in Japan ist neu.. Sie unterstützt den Erfindergeist von Ingenieuren und die Anwendung ihrer Erfindungen.. Der geldliche Wert des Takeda Preises ist 100 Millionen japanische Yen (etwa 940 Tausend Euro) für jeweils drei verschiedene Gebiete.. Schmidt-Bleek erhält den Takeda World Environment Award für Vorschlag, Verbreitung und Anwendung des MIPS- und ökologischen Rucksack Konzeptes , zusammen mit Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker..

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  • Title: Factor 10 Institute
    Descriptive info: J'ai mis au point la notion de MIPS et de sac à dos (rucksack) écologique pour être sûr que nous pourrons produire assez de richesse pour tous les habitants de cette planète et continuer de vivre en harmonie avec la nature , déclare Bio Schmidt-Bleek, Président de l Institut du Facteur 10 à Carnoules, Provence, à qui le prix Takeda de l environnement mondial vient d être décerné.. Malheureusement, les politiques actuelles pour l économie et l environnement ne nous mènent pas vers un avenir durable.. Il poursuit en expliquant qu aujourd hui le grand problème c est qu avec nos systèmes fiscaux désuets, nous récompensons ceux qui gaspillent les ressources naturelles et sanctionnons ceux qui embauchent des gens pour travailler.. Cependant , ajoute-t-il à l heure actuelle un certain nombre d entreprises tournées vers l avenir augmentent déjà la productivité des ressources qu elles utilisent pour fabriquer des produits ou assurer des services.. Elles ont choisi cette voie parce qu elles veulent continuer d être actives pendant les 10 ou 20 prochaines années  ...   est considérable.. Selon le concept de Schmidt-Bleek, l économie, les systèmes sociaux et les technologies doivent être profondément remaniés pour que les besoins des individus puissent être satisfaits en utilisant beaucoup moins de ressources naturelles qu aujourd hui une réduction d un facteur 10 au minimum- de façon à produire autant ou même davantage de biens ou de fonctions.. Schmidt- Bleek appelle MIPS la quantité de Matière Indispensable Par unité de Service cette notion sert de principe de base au design et s utilise pour mesurer et comparer le prix écologique de tous les biens, infrastructures et services.. Au Japon, la Fondation Takeda est une nouvelle institution qui encourage la création et la mise en oeuvre de découvertes en ingénierie et de connaissances nouvelles.. Le prix Takeda de 100 millions de yens japonais (plus de 6 millions de francs français) est attribué dans trois domaines.. Il a été décerné à Ernst Ulrich von Weizsaecker et à Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek qui a proposé, promulgué et implanté le concept de MIPS et du sac à dos (rucksack) écologique..

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