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  • Title: Activists Raise Red Flag Over Tanzania Land Deal | oaklandinstitute.org
    Descriptive info: Activists Raise Red Flag Over Tanzania Land Deal.. June 30, 2012.. Source:.. The East African.. View Original.. By Mike Mande.. An independent watchdog is piling pressure on the United States government to intervene in a deal whereby by US agribusiness corporation AgriSol Energy LLC is taking over 800,000 acres of land in Tanzania’s western Rukwa region.. The deal could see the eviction of 160,000 households who have been living on the land for over 40 years.. The US-based Iowa Citizens for Community Improvement (CCI) say they want senior government officials involved in the deal investigated and prosecuted for accepting a deal that will be detrimental to the welfare of Tanzanians.. On Saturday last week, CCI started a campaign to have the largest land deal in Tanzania’s history revoked.. The watchdog group has already written to US President Barack Obama expressing their opposition to the deal.. They pointing out that the Tanzania government is leasing more than 325,000 hectares of land for 99 years without public debate or consent.. They added that US tycoon Bruce Rastetter, through his energy firm AgriSol Energy, will invest over $100 million in the project.. However, Raymond Mbilinyi, acting executive director of the Tanzania Investment Center (TIC) said the deal had not yet been concluded and that TIC will not be able to offer such large chunks of land at one go.. Mr Mbilinyi said TIC will start by offering only 1,000 hectares after the head of state agrees to the proposed investment, and that no villagers will be evicted pending the project.. “Currently, in conjunction with the other government organs, we are developing a policy of “land in equity” for the community to  ...   forcible eviction of subsistence farmers from refugee camps in Tanzania, leasing the newly vacant land from the government at 25 cents an acre, and exporting the vertically integrated, industrial model of corporate agribusiness from Iowa to Tanzania, all duty and tax free.. ”.. Mr Espey said that some Tanzanian public officials accepted trips to the United States sponsored by the Iowa-based AgriSol Energy.. “A 2010 blueprint and memorandum of understanding with the Tanzanian government shows AgriSol’s original intention to build large industrial farms on land occupied by more than 160,000 Burundian refugees who will be offered $200 for eviction,” he said.. According to emails seen by The EastAfrican last week, top administrators including Tanzania Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda and some government officials visited the Iowa-based firm between 2010 and2011 and were promised sponsorships for university students from Tanzania for programmes at Iowa State’s College of Agriculture and Life Sciences.. In a letter to The EastAfrican last week, the executive director of the California-based policy think tank Oakland Institute, Anuradha Mittal, says that the institute had in June last year exposed the largest land deal in Tanzania, which had been hidden away from public scrutiny and discussion.. “The project was portrayed as sustainable agriculture, all the while plans were being laid to develop large-scale monocrops, use high levels of chemicals, and even ask for changes in the national biosafety regulations so that genetically modified crops could be grown,” she said.. Contact.. the oakland institute.. P.. O.. Box 18978.. Oakland, CA 94619.. info@oaklandinstitute.. org.. Donate.. Your tax-deductible donation allows us to conduct independent research, analysis, and advocacy to facilitate democratic participation in critical policy decisions that affect our quality of life..

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  • Title: Foreign Investment in Tanzania: Impacts Past & Perceived | oaklandinstitute.org
    Descriptive info: Foreign Investment in Tanzania: Impacts Past Perceived.. June 28, 2012.. Cathartic Aggression.. Fourth in a series.. Begin at the.. Introduction.. , then.. Wants Needs.. The Agrisol Proposal.. Chinese factory workers earn less than their American counterparts.. People in the Cambodian garment industry or Indian call-centers will be paid less than the same functionaries in more developed nations.. The standard and cost of living is lower in the third world.. Opportunities are lacking.. Consumer and producer relationships subsist on the gulf between richer and poorer.. Companies from the states or Europe can hire abroad and insist on strict labor guidelines.. The fact that American corporations benefit from places which violate the standards protecting workers here is morally and ethically reprehensible.. That a government would sign an agreement with a foreign company knowing that wealth will stem from misery is criminal.. The contracts crafted by.. Agrisol Energy.. and Tanzania are open to interpretation.. Either the company develops a business model which generates profit without abusing the residents of its host country or the government safeguards its people from absolute exploitation.. Already direct capital injection is stripped from the deal.. The lease agreement raises little cash for Tanzania; relaxed tariffs and wealth repatriation will fail to benefit the people who are most impacted by large-scale agricultural projects.. Local manufacturing firms, assuming there are some up to the task, will not profit from sales of tractors or combines– Agrisol already expects to bring in Monsanto, John Deere and.. Stine.. 1.. Success will depend on Agrisol’s ability to pay workers, who will leave their own subsistence farms, enough to compensate the loss of food production.. The company needs to sell some crops to local markets at local rates to protect against the price fluctuations which will result.. If employees are trained in modern techniques which they could share with their families everyone benefits.. If neighboring communities see an investment in infrastructure Agrisol could prove its detractors wrong.. None of this is going to be easy to accomplish.. Business demands will compel Agrisol to shift focus to the bottom line, and only the Tanzanian government can ensure that citizens are protected.. The Plantation Model.. Regardless of where they are, large industrial farms wreak havoc on the environment.. Constant cultivation leads to soil degradation.. Chemical fertilizers can compensate for the depletion of nutrients but contribute to water pollution.. Livestock farms accrue massive amounts of shit, often tainted by antibiotics and hormones, which flows into the water system and sickens.. people.. 2.. Row crops are easier to harvest but clearing fields leaves topsoil vulnerable to wind and rain.. A no-till movement is growing.. , a farming method which sows new seed in the husks left behind, allowing last season’s spoils to keep the dirt rooted.. It is a time-consuming and laborious process, ill-suited for the high-yield demands of modern agricultural enterprise.. In 2008, British company Sun Biofuels was.. awarded nearly eight thousand hectares.. to cultivate jatropha, a succulent which produces seeds used to make biodiesel.. Eleven villages, comprised of over eleven thousand people, agreed to leave their farms for a one-time relocation payout.. The stipend was less than half the independently assessed value of their land.. Villages which refused to relocate or who were never part of the agreement saw surrounding land handed over by the government.. This land had been used for the collection of resources such as firewood and charcoal, fruit and honey.. The World Bank estimates that foraging can provide an additional $35-$50 per household per year.. Less land also leaves less room for field rotation, accelerating soil degradation.. Land leased to Sun Biofuels also removed a common water source from public reach, against the advice of the company’s own environmental impact assessment (EIA).. Locals were forced to travel greater distances for water or risk the repercussions of trespassing.. Plantations always seem to have work for security guards.. Those who found work, a fraction of initial employment estimates,.. claimed to have been exposed to noxious chemicals.. without being given protective gear as well as having to buy their own water while in the fields.. Back at home families struggled to maintain their own plots, complaining that the wages didn’t offset the cost of lost.. productivity.. 3.. In the autumn of 2011 operations ceased.. An unidentified company spokesperson blamed a spate of droughts, but even local  ...   reports of genetically modified seed overrunning a family farm, nor have any lawsuits been filed by bio-tech companies claiming that patented seeds are being used outside the limitations of a contract.. At present time there are no laws on the books in Tanzania regarding GMO, but as more foreign companies become legally involved with the country problems seem inevitable.. One of the most prominent names invested in outgrower schemes is the Dutch biofuels firm.. Diligent.. Farmers in the Arusha district of northern Tanzania had been using jatropha or similar plants as fences or to combat hillside erosion.. The company encouraged people to expand their previous use, offering to purchase harvested and peeled seeds.. According to Diligent, 720 properly spaced jatropha plants can grow in a 40m x 80m plot which, if unmarred by drought or blight, yields approximately 300g of seed per plant.. The expected income from the first harvest would be $34, and the second harvest should be double.. More importantly, or perhaps more necessarily, Diligent representatives met and worked directly with farmers.. They recommended planting methods, warned against displacing food crops with jatropha and signed individual three year contracts.. Farmers found that the jatropha plant handles dry spells better, which enabled families to buy food when their own crops failed.. Thus far the biggest complaint has been that Diligent doesn’t pay enough for the harvest.. An Agrisol Model.. Slideshow presentations for the Prime Minister of Tanzania pay lip service to exploring outgrower schemes in addition to Agrisol’s plantation ambitions.. Whether this is business savvy or placation remains to be seen.. According to Anuradha Mittal, Executive Director of.. The Oakland Institute.. , in an interview with.. Dan Rather Reports.. , the company is pressing for a rider in its contract to legally export food during periods of shortage.. If persistent drought afflicts a region outgrowers can refuse to sell crops back to the company.. In the most nightmarish scenario a controlled and fenced plantation can be fortified, with crops escorted to harbor by security.. guards.. 4.. Official government records have already shown a correlation between the existence of plantations and localized food shortages.. In theory the shortages occur when farmers leave their own plots for work, drawn by broken promises or their own short-sightedness.. In one instance, when the Dutch firm.. BioShape.. began a jatropha plantation the surrounding district fell into a food deficit, a regional hardship which only improved after the company ceased operations.. Ignoring the nebulous international politics of Burundi refugees Agrisol has been leased land which will not directly displace anyone.. This allows for a controlled experiment.. Plantations may be built, crops sown and harvested, profits prove too low and the company can bail without the obvious hardships affecting villagers in the shadow of Sun Biofuels’ operations.. At worst Agrisol might leave degraded soil, polluted water and restricted land access in their wake.. Or they could work to strike a balance between a large scale plantation and an outgrower scheme.. They could meet with community leaders and decide what works best for everyone.. They could contribute to the local food market, pay fair wages and guarantee safe working conditions.. In their relative isolation the most significant impact Agrisol’s efforts may produce is in paving a path for future agreements between foreign firms and the government of Tanzania.. According to 2009 figures compiled by the World Bank, approximately 70 million acres were up for lease negotiation on the continent.. Population growth, the demand for alternative energy sources and the rise of developing nations such as China and India have made the fertile fields of Africa one of the most sought after resources on Earth.. hoto taken from The Oakland Institute’s Country Report: Tanzania.. No photographer is credited.. The original caption reads “Masai women’s group on their land in Arusha”.. I call it fair use.. General information from a.. PDF.. of Agrisol’s report to the Prime Minister of Tanzania, available from The Oakland Institute (.. back.. ).. Frontlines produced a wonderful primer on the effects of industrial pollution on waterways in their episode.. Poisoned Waters.. (.. General information on previous agricultural projects in Tanzania, as well as Agrisol’s steps towards becoming one, can be found in The Oakland Institute’s.. Country Report: Tanzania.. The transcript for the Dan Rather Reports episode.. Trouble on the Land.. is available for download (..

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  • Title: Tribune Editorial: More Questions about AgriSol Deal | oaklandinstitute.org
    Descriptive info: Tribune Editorial: More Questions about AgriSol Deal.. June 23, 2012.. Ames Tribune.. The relationship between Iowa State University and AgriSol Energy, as revealed in more than 400 emails recently obtained by the Associated Press through a Freedom of Information Act request, raises fundamental questions about transparency of public institutions and the meaning of public-private partnerships.. The emails, exchanged among ISU officials and Board of Regents member Bruce Rastetter, discuss details of the AgriSol partnership and show that Rastetter, who also is CEO and a major investor of AgriSol, continued to work on the project after his appointment by Gov.. Terry Branstad to the board.. Equally troubling, they also show that ISU officials were less than forthcoming about the relationship, even when asked direct questions about it in February by Tribune reporter Hannah Furfaro.. The project in question was development of some 800,000 acres in Tanzania, from which the Tanzania government had removed 160,000 Burundian refugees who had lived on the land for 40 years.. Originally, the project included growing some crops for biofuel, but the AgriSol Tanzania website now says those plans have been abandoned, along with plans to use the former refugee settlement.. For its part, ISU severed ties to the project in February.. In February, ISU also maintained that its interest in the project was to develop educational programs for farmers, called “smallholders,” who worked  ...   that ISU “had not been asked to develop a plan until last week.. It’s always better, we believe, to tell the truth when one is caught out doing something one shouldn’t.. ISU apparently came to the conclusion that it shouldn’t be involved with AgriSol.. That was the right decision, but ISU owes its constituents — including Iowa’s taxpayers — honesty and transparency, even, or perhaps especially, when it has made a mistake.. Mistakes, when they’re owned up to, can be forgiven.. Stonewalling and evasion rarely are.. AgriSol aside, this controversy also calls for a better understanding of what “public-private partnership” will mean as ISU President Steven Leath pursues expansion of such partnerships.. If it means attracting private investment to support academic research that has the potential to break new ground and provide benefits beyond the university and the individual investors, we’re all for it.. If, on the other hand, it means using public institutions, employees and money for the benefit of a private business or a few investors, it’s a distortion of the mission of a public university like ISU and a betrayal of the public trust.. When we wrote about the AgriSol project in this space in February, we called for a written policy governing ISU’s involvement with private enterprises.. The information brought to light in the 400 emails makes the need for such a policy urgent..

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  • Title: Emails Show ISU Swapped Expertise for Scholarship Funds in AgriSol Partnership | oaklandinstitute.org
    Descriptive info: Emails Show ISU Swapped Expertise for Scholarship Funds in AgriSol Partnership.. June 22, 2012.. By Hannah Furfaro.. Iowa State University officials accepted trips to Tanzania on behalf of Iowa-based AgriSol Energy in exchange for their time and a promise of gifts to the university in the form of scholarship funds, according to.. recently released email exchanges.. between top administrators and Iowa Board of Regents member Bruce Rastetter.. The emails, originally obtained by the Associated Press, also show ISU did not become actively involved in planning an outreach project for Tanzanian farmers until January 2011, despite continued.. public statements from Wendy Wintersteen.. , dean of ISU’s College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, and David Acker, associate dean of the college, suggesting the outreach component was the basis of ISU’s original interest in the project.. The AgriSol project, which again has become the focus of attention in recent months from both the media and watchdog groups around the country, has largely been criticized for a 2010 blueprint and Memorandum of Understanding with the Tanzanian government that shows AgriSol’s original intention to build large industrial farms on land occupied by more than 160,000 Burundian refugees.. AgriSol since has backed off development of those plots.. ISU completely.. ended its involvement in the project.. in February.. However, after a California-based policy think tank called the Oakland Institute.. uncovered AgriSol’s original plan.. in the spring of 2011, both ISU and Rastetter, co-founder of AgriSol, started taking heat from.. local.. and national media, including HDNet’s.. Rastetter, who last year became the president pro tem of the Board of Regents, has come under fire in recent weeks by watchdog group Iowa Citizens for Community Improvement.. Rastetter’s dual involvement with AgriSol and as a public official created a conflict of interest worthy of his resignation from the Regents, members of Iowa CCI.. argued this week in an ethics complaint.. But the relationships among Acker, Wintersteen, a number of ISU professors and AgriSol has remained largely out of the spotlight.. The emails released in recent weeks show ISU’s involvement in the Tanzanian land deal was much deeper than the university has ever indicated publicly.. The outreach program.. Although the university says it was involved since late 2008, ISU never signed a formal contract with AgriSol.. ISU’s official statements have said the institution initially was inclined to help AgriSol develop an outreach program for Tanzanian farmers based on a successful program members of ISU’s Center for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (CSRL) previously implemented in Uganda.. The university has maintained its role in the Tanzanian project stemmed from expertise of faculty within ISU’s CSRL.. In an.. opinion piece published in the Ames Tribune Feb.. , Wintersteen, who declined to comment for this story, described the outreach project in this way: “We viewed the educational program as another opportunity to work with small farmers and families, and to apply lessons learned from Uganda in a different country.. We also viewed it as another avenue for our students to engage in service learning as they have in Uganda.. The op-ed continues: “In initial discussions, the intent had been to take advantage of the Uganda experiences gained through ISU’s Center for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods and for the center to eventually develop these programs in partnership with the company, Tanzanian universities and other nonprofit groups in the country.. But emails show individuals who were supposedly spearheading the outreach project weren’t asked to draft a proposal for the program until January 2011, two years after they’d begun working with AgriSol.. Correspondence dated Jan.. 23, 2011.. , from Acker to ISU economics professor Kevin Kimle, the Rastetter Chair of Agricultural Entrepreneurship at ISU, who both declined to respond to multiple email and phone requests for interviews for this story, states: “As a follow up to your message to me in Bangkok on Jan.. 18 and our meeting on Jan.. 20, I grasped the urgency associated with the development of a plan for the outreach component.. The email goes on to say: “Because ISU had not been asked to develop a plan until last week we will have difficulty implementing this proposal due to constraints on the key people in terms of their schedules (Acker, Westgate, Kimle).. Once we see if this proposal is heading in the right direction we’ll then get serious and find out who is available to give significant time to this.. At this point,  ...   have worked as private contractors for AgriSol outside of ISU’s official advisory role, the university didn’t see direct financial benefits from their work.. But the emails show ISU officials suggested benefits in the form of scholarship funds in exchange for their consulting.. An email from Acker to Wintersteen dated March 10, 2010, hints at the type of agreements ISU arranged.. A trip report dated March 20, 2010.. , shows travel expenses for Acker’s trip from March 10 to 17, 2010, were paid for by AgriSol while his salary was paid by ISU.. “Wendy, regarding the details on my trip to Tanzania,” Acker wrote on March 10, “Bruce (Rastetter) offered to pay for my travel expenses and I agreed that the college would provide my time with the goal of establishing a donor fund for supporting our students to conduct internships in Tanzania.. And while later emails indicate Rastetter was willing to foot the bill for all of Acker and Westgate’s expenses, including compensation for consulting, Acker turned him down.. A Jan.. 28, 2011 email from Acker to AgriSol.. officials illuminates the deal he hoped to strike.. “To date ISU has contributed 10 days of my time during the last 18 months at no cost to AgriSol,” Acker wrote.. “Bruce told me yesterday that if I needed to charge some of my time to the project that would be fine.. Rather than ask for any consulting fee for myself or for Mark Westgate, ISU will contribute our time.. The email continues: “In recognition of this contribution and as a follow up to our discussion earlier this week, I propose that AgriSol establish a scholarship fund at ISU for bringing Tanzanians to the U.. for graduate training.. Once the proposed fund reached $65,000, Acker said, ISU would bring its first student.. Acker also recommended AgriSol sign a pledge form with the ISU Foundation to secure the company’s donation.. Meyer, the spokesperson for ISU’s College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, said, “Because part of Dr.. Acker’s university responsibilities is fundraising, he proposed establishing a scholarship fund to bring Tanzanian students to the United States for graduate training.. This was one example of many potential funding sources that have been asked to support student programs in Africa.. Hoffman said she “was not aware” of the arrangement.. “We’re always talking to donors about gifts,” she said.. “Whenever we go to Uganda, for example, with a group of donors, we go to work and we go to show the donors what a great thing we’re doing in Uganda so hopefully they will give more money.. Warren Madden, vice president of business and finance at ISU, said he also was unaware of Acker’s request.. He said he couldn’t speak to that specific arrangement, but said, “there are a lot of these kinds of relationships that are now getting developed with a whole set of different objectives.. “Certainly one of the outcomes of the issue with AgriSol and Rastetter is a much-elevated sensitivity of needing to assess these relationships,” Madden said, “and making sure people really understand what they are.. Other emails show Rastetter had moved forward with scholarship donations as early as October 2010.. In an act of gratitude for ISU agronomy professor Andrew Manu’s contribution to AgriSol, Rastetter gave $12,000 in scholarship funds to ISU’s Agronomy Study Abroad Scholarship, according to.. an email from Acker to Manu dated Oct.. 21, 2010.. “In recognition of the work you and others in the Agronomy department have done and will be doing with the AgriSol Tanzania project,” Acker wrote, “I am happy to inform you that Bruce Rastetter has generously offered to provide a gift of $12,000 ($4,000 a year for three years) to the Agronomy Study Abroad scholarship fund to support students interested in traveling to Africa …”.. Meyer said the scholarship fund is not yet fully funded.. Rastetter declined to comment for this story.. Joe Murphy, his spokesperson, sent an email in response to questions about the scholarship funds: “Being that these emails are now under a formal review, it would be inappropriate for me to comment on its content.. What I can tell you is that Bruce operates with the highest degree of integrity and has long been an advocate for both education and agriculture.. He also has a proud tradition of providing support and gifts to the Regent institutions that benefit students directly..

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  • Title: Have Sierra Leone’s Citizens Been Forgotten in the Quest for Justice? | oaklandinstitute.org
    Descriptive info: Have Sierra Leone’s Citizens Been Forgotten in the Quest for Justice?.. June 16, 2012.. Indymedia Ireland.. Charles Taylor’s sentencing to 50 years’ imprisonment on 11 counts of war crimes is undeniably momentous.. However, with Sierra Leoneans still suffering abject poverty and remaining in dire need of aid, it must be questioned for whose benefit the costly War Crimes Court really is, writes EMMA PURDY.. The Special Court for Sierra Leone will conclude this year on a triumphant note, with former Liberian president Charles Taylor now the first ex-head of state convicted by international justice since the 1946 Nuremburg trials.. The 64-year-old was found guilty this April of arming and supporting Revolutionary United Front rebels in exchange for illegally mined blood diamonds and thus “aiding and abetting” the country’s brutal civil war.. He was sentenced on 30 May to 50 years’ imprisonment, having been held “criminally responsible” by judges after a protracted four-and-a-half-year trial.. From the outset in January 2008, after Taylor boycotted the initial 2007 proceedings, the trial was lauded as the first ever of a former African head of state in an international court.. Taylor was the Court’s 11th defendant from a total of 21 indictments since its establishment in January 2002, its remit being to try “those who bear the greatest responsibility for serious violations of international humanitarian law” during the 11-year conflict.. Others included three former RUF leaders, Issa Sesay, Morris Kallon, Augustine Gbao, found guilty in April 2009 of atrocities including cannibalism, enlistment of child soldiers, amputation and sexual slavery.. They were sentenced to 52 years, 40 years and 25 years respectively, their combined four-and-a-half-year trial and subsequent appeals, all emphatically denied, costing in total over $150m.. Taylor’s trial costs have now surpassed all others, rendering him the single most expensive defendant in the history of international criminal justice.. The proceedings to date, including a near year-and-half-long defence case that attracted considerable derision throughout, have cost a reported total of $50m.. The Court’s operating funds have been voluntarily supplied by more than 40 UN-member states, with several additional contributions made by its major donors the USA, Britain, Canada, Nigeria and the Netherlands to ensure its denouement.. During Taylor’s trial, repeated concerns were voiced about the possibility of its forced abandonment by UN officials, who claimed this would “jeopardise the fight against impunity” and “send the wrong message to the international community.. Notwithstanding the importance of international justice, one has to question in this instance whether it should take precedence over the needs of Sierra Leoneans, most of whom a decade since the culmination of a vicious war still struggle just to stay alive.. Although ten years have passed since the country’s emergence from the war which left 120,000 dead and 2m displaced, the resource-rich nation ironically remains one of the poorest in the world.. It ranked just 180th out of 187 countries in the 2011 Human Development Index, where it held a hindmost position until 2008.. Despite ostentatious influxes of aid, assumed by many to be helping citizens redevelop and restructure their war-torn land, the reality is quite different.. Money is rarely reaching those who need it most, with almost the entire 6m population continuing to live in appalling conditions of indigence.. More than half suffer extreme poverty and hunger, with 53% currently living on less than $1 a day.. Deprived of basic necessities such as clean water, electricity and healthcare, the majority is forced to rely on traditional medicine to survive, with life expectancy among the lowest in the world at just 48 years.. Maternal and child mortality rates are among highest, with one third of children under five suffering chronic malnutrition.. One fifth do not even reach that age, often simply due to drinking contaminated water.. While people perish from the ravages of preventable diseases, draconian policies of the World Bank and IMF often dedicate much-needed funds to privatisation and export development.. Meanwhile, the lingering UN presence, continually evolving from the initial UNAMSIL mission into the essentially equivalent UNIOSL and current UNIPSIL, is causing further indebtedness in foreign aid, a large amount of which is being used to pay for its overseas procurement and international staff.. While several development agencies have made substantial progress, many argue aid dependency could be reduced by more targeted investment in participatory approaches to engage local communities in planning and implementing their own development.. Internationally-dominated efforts are seen to be disempowering locals, while the need for increased access to education is also viewed as paramount, with adult literacy currently standing at just 41%.. In particular, several NGOs have raised concerns about the current accelerated land tenure reform funded by the IMF and World Bank overlooking the rights of locals in favour of corporate interests.. The process, aimed at facilitating large-scale international agricultural investment, has allowed corporate giants to impose coercive land acquisitions by exerting insuperable economic force on small landowners.. Research conducted by the Oakland Institute on the social, economic and political implications of land investments between October 2010 and January 2011 found that despite an ubiquitous state of food insecurity, free-market policies are curtailing state agricultural investments in favour of food importation.. Meanwhile, farmland previously cultivated for food is being offered with huge tax incentives to large-scale foreign investors to produce non-food exports, often in up to 50-year leases.. The resultant land-grab to produce agro- and biofuels has seen  ...   then life expectancy of just 40 years, with 50% of the population under the age of 15, this was clearly done in the knowledge most of those arms would end up in children’s hands, with both sides resorting to any means possible to win the war.. However, such duplicity escapes unchallenged by the media, as is Western powers’ complicity to the venality of governments with whom they traded for decades, ultimately causing the dire economic conditions that prompted the RUF’s usurpation of power.. Their capitalist-provoked revolt is routinely obscured by rigorous focus on their ruthlessness and barbarism, with almost unanimous media portrayal of a crazy, incomprehensible conflict.. Such simplistic focus ignores the reality that Sierra Leoneans continue to suffer the effects of imperialism and capitalism which today keep their country destabilised.. Its painfully slow rebuilding process has clearly been dominated by foreign interests, with profits from not only diamond exports but also oil palm, coffee, bauxite, timber and cocoa voraciously withheld by the oligarchy at the expense of the marginalised population.. This is now overseen by a widely suspected neo-colonialist government, to which Britain appointed nine key personnel immediately following intervention.. Little has been done to investigate their backgrounds or contacts, or most notably why ten years of bloodshed were permitted to elapse before intervention, with an estimated 50,000 lives lost and 30,000 amputations carried out by rebels at the time of the UN’s 18-month embargo on diamond exports in July 2000.. However, many suspect tacit consent to the erosion of state power, motivated by economic opportunism regarding unexplored diamond mines and other resource-rich land.. Most foreign investors likely acquired extremely favourable contracts and concessions in the country’s anarchic environment so as to capitalise on investment.. Rather than attempting to monitor those companies' operations or their policies, the media instead focus on the accomplishments of the War Crimes Court.. Coverage similarly ignores the hypocrisy of spending hundreds of millions to punish a handful of human rights violators for a crime which has simultaneously been acquiesced to elsewhere, including the Ivory Coast, Central African Republic, Zimbabwe, Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo.. Even a fraction of the immense funds could much more usefully be spent on preventative measures to stamp out the blood diamond trade, such as implementing tighter controls through the diamond-certification Kimberley Process, given just one company, De Beers, remains in control of rough diamonds.. Although in operation since 2003, the purported attempt to stop diamond mining-related violence only bans diamonds that finance rebel movements in war-torn countries.. It continues to certify diamonds as “conflict free” despite evidence of killings, torture camps for uncooperative diamond miners and children being forced to mine for diamonds in various countries.. While knowingly contributing directly to violence and chronic instability, its current chair, the USA, released a statement hailing Taylor’s trial “an important step towards delivering justice and accountability for the victims in Sierra Leone and restoring peace and stability in the country and region.. Continuing political and security concerns in Freetown were the cause of Taylor’s trial transfer to the International Criminal Court’s facilities.. Although retaining the Special Court’s mandate and auspices, the location was significant to many, with the ICC widely accused of being inherently biased and supporting a neo-colonialist agenda.. Taylor’s lead counsel, Courtenay Griffiths QC, vociferously criticised international justice as “targeting African countries” and noted that “all those currently awaiting trial at the International Court are from Africa.. ” During its ten years of operation it has launched prosecutions only against Africans, while simultaneously procrastinating agreeing a working definition for the “crime of aggression” until June 2010.. This despite the fact that the Nuremburg Tribunal’s definition rendered both George Bush and Tony Blair guilty of war crimes far greater than Taylor’s for the illegal war against Iraq, which left 1m dead.. Both now remain immune from prosecution, due to the fact its new definition cannot operate retrospectively.. Blair openly praised Taylor’s charging as a “really important” process which would enable Sierra Leoneans “to draw a line under their past”, while the UN lead prosecutor, Brenda Hollis, called it a “historic judgment” which she claimed demonstrated how “heads of state will be held to account for war crimes,” adding, “No person, no matter how powerful, is above the law.. The international media, ignoring such glaring hypocrisy, continue to simply spout unanimous success stories about Taylor’s conviction.. He will now remain in the Hague for several months while his lawyers appeal his sentence, before the Special Court concludes later this year at a total cost of no less than $250m.. Taylor is then expected to serve his sentence in a British maximum-security prison, at an estimated annual cost of $150,000.. Thereafter, daily life for disenfranchised Sierra Leoneans will no doubt resume in much the same impoverished reality as it did before the civil war.. Taylor, like all leaders who advocate state-sanctioned violence, deserves punishment for any crimes he has endorsed.. However, allowing the successful charging of a select few to act as a spectacular distraction from others’ guilt, or worse, from the continued exploitation of Sierra Leoneans, is just as abominable a crime.. The least we owe the victims of 150 years of hegemony and over a decade of ferocious war is to stop pretending we do not know the real causes of their predicament.. Agricultural investment or land-grab in Sierra Leone?..

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  • Title: Emails Show Regent's Conflict in Africa Land Deal | oaklandinstitute.org
    Descriptive info: Emails Show Regent s Conflict in Africa Land Deal.. June 14, 2012.. Waterloo Cedar Falls Courier.. By Ryan J.. Foley.. IOWA CITY, Iowa (AP) -- Regent Bruce Rastetter participated in discussions with Iowa State University about its partnership with a company he founded that is developing a huge commercial farming operation in Tanzania, a project critics call a land grab, records show.. Rastetter blurred the line between his role as investor in AgriSol Energy, which was working with ISU on the land deal, and his position on the Board of Regents, which governs the university, according to emails released to The Associated Press.. Rastetter later recused himself and Iowa State pulled out of the deal, but only after both received criticism.. While the project already has been scrutinized, the records provide details about how Rastetter's dual roles complicated matters for ISU and could embolden critics who say he tried to use the university's expertise for a profit motive.. Gov.. Terry Branstad appointed Rastetter, an agribusiness executive who donated $160,000 to the governor's 2010 campaign, to the board in February 2011.. Rastetter had been working on behalf of AgriSol with ISU since 2009 on a plan to develop 800,000 acres of Tanzanian farmland for crop production.. Investors stood to earn millions if the project was successful.. But critics opposed the plan because the land had for decades housed 160,000 refugees from Burundi who were being relocated by the Tanzanian government.. Investors said the plan would help residents by improving food production and farming techniques, adding they had no role in the relocation.. Officials with ISU's College of Agriculture and Life Sciences — which had received a $1.. 75 million gift from Rastetter in 2007 — traveled to Tanzania and hosted the country's prime minister.. Their role would be to implement an AgriSol-funded program to provide a range of services and training to help farmers living near the development.. Board policy says regents must act in the interest of the board, not their own, and be free of any appearance of conflict.. The policy says conflicts include a personal business that partners with a university, and should be disclosed and managed appropriately.. Rastetter  ...   does not list AgriSol.. Rastetter participated in discussions with ISU last summer after the nonprofit Oakland Institute slammed the project as a land grab, emails show.. Rastetter asked David Acker, an assistant dean, on July 20 for a "write up on the division of responsibilities between the university and our commercial side.. "I appreciate the discussion last week and our relationship and look forward to making a difference together," wrote Rastetter, who had just become the board's No.. 2 official.. Acker proposed AgriSol guarantee ISU a five-year financial commitment for nonprofit work in Tanzania, which would be limited to lands where refugees weren't present.. He said the school couldn't be associated with the for-profit business, but employees and students could work as AgriSol consultants and interns.. "We can't risk raising expectations and then abandon the project abruptly," Acker wrote.. "We will be working with people who have very little means living on a razor-thin line between survival and true misery.. The same day, an AgriSol official proposed ISU seek an international food assistance grant from the U.. Department of Agriculture to support the project.. ISU Vice President Warren Madden warned that Rastetter's conflict "should be addressed in the early stages" while the proposal was developed.. "Is it even possible to have AgriSol as a formal partner on the USDA grant given that it would be viewed as a conflict of interest (ISU helping to get government monies that will help an enterprise partially owned by a Regent?)" Acker asked on Aug.. 18.. A purchasing official warned that any subcontract for AgriSol would have to be a competitive bid because of Rastetter's conflict.. ISU then proposed AgriSol take the lead on the grant with the university acting as subcontractor, an idea abandoned when Rastetter announced his recusal.. ISU official Mark Westgate said the school would only serve as an advisor to avoid "any misperceptions or confusion that could arise because of Mr.. Rastetter's status as a regent.. But criticism continued, and ISU ended its involvement in February.. Critics have signed a petition demanding Branstad censure Rastetter for the conflict, but Branstad spokesman Tim Albrecht said the governor was confident in Rastetter's judgment..

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  • Title: Karuturi Asks $100 Million to Start Sugar Plantation in Ethiopia | oaklandinstitute.org
    Descriptive info: Karuturi Asks $100 Million to Start Sugar Plantation in Ethiopia.. Awramba Times.. By William Davison.. (Bloomberg) — Karuturi Global Ltd.. , the world’s largest rose grower, is seeking $100 million from development banks to finance a sugar-cane plantation in southwestern Ethiopia, Chief Executive Officer Sai Ramakrishna Karuturi said.. Karmjeet-Sekhon-in-Gambela.. The Bangalore-based company leased 100,000 hectares (247,105 acres) in the Gambella region from Ethiopia’s government in 2008 to farm corn, rice, palm oil, sugar and other crops.. It’s now growing rice and corn on 12,000 hectares.. “We believe we have reached that level of traction and scale that would be appropriate for a development financial institution to look at,” Karuturi said in a June 7 interview.. Karuturi is in Ethiopia as part of a four-year-old commercial-farming drive the government says will bring jobs and foreign currency from exports grown on more than 4 million hectares.. Rights groups and opposition parties have said people are being forced from their land to make way for private investment.. The company has approached the African Development Bank, the African Export-Import Bank and the Eastern and Southern African Trade and Development Bank “to raise another $100 million for a sugarcane estate,” Karuturi said.. The AfDB is in the “very preliminary stages” of considering Karuturi’s request, the Tunis-based lender’s representative in Ethiopia, Lamin G.. Barrow, said on June 8 in an e-mailed response to  ...   partners to build and run warehouses and boreholes, Karuturi said.. The company also farms cereals on 2,000 hectares near Bako in the central Oromia region.. The larger Gambella tract, leased for 50 years at 2 million Ethiopian birr ($112,733) a year, is an “enormous undertaking,” and the company has not yet looked at its option to rent another 200,000 hectares, Karuturi said.. Quadrupling Area.. Karuturi, which is listed on both of India’s main stock exchanges, plans to use $50 million of recent debt financing to almost quadruple the area it is farming, Karuturi said.. It may harvest as much as 60,000 tons of corn and rice in the third quarter, he said.. Dutch contractors built 110 kilometers (68 miles) of flood barriers after Karuturi lost $15 million when its corn crop was inundated in September, he said.. Total production should be more than 150,000 tons next year and may reach 1 million tons annually in five years, Karuturi said, without providing a breakdown by crop.. Other large-scale agricultural operations have suffered violence in Gambella.. Five people died after gunmen attacked contractors for Saudi Star Agricultural Development Plc, which plans to grow rice on 10,000 hectares there, on April 28.. “More than 10 members of the group responsible for the attack were recently arrested in South Sudan by its military,” Ethiopian Communications Minister Bereket Simon said by phone yesterday..

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  • Title: Africa: Saudi Agriculture Minister Enticed by Continent Land | oaklandinstitute.org
    Descriptive info: Africa: Saudi Agriculture Minister Enticed by Continent Land.. June 8, 2012.. This Is Africa/All Africa.. By Adam Robert Green.. Dr Fahd bin Abdulrahman Balghunaim, minister for agriculture for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, speaks to This is Africa about the government's strategy in Africa.. Saudi Arabia's oil keeps the world turning, but the Kingdom is thirsty for water.. For years, the government subsidised domestic food production to feed its 25 million population - supporting the production of around 3 million tonnes of wheat per year, along with barley and other crops - but the costs of irrigation are spiralling and the Saudi natural water supply dwindling.. The sweltering, sandy expanse of Saudi Arabia does not boast a comparative advantage in agriculture.. The food price spikes of 2007-8 hit the government coffers hard.. To quash its impact on welfare, the state increased government salaries, subsidised a basket of basic products including rice and baby milk, and cut import tariffs on 180 basic commodities.. But these were shock absorbers.. A longer term strategy was also launched, known as the King Abdullah Initiative, which supports Saudi investment in foreign land, especially for the production of rice, wheat, barley, corn, sugar, green fodders, and animal resources.. Dr Fahd bin Abdulrahman Balghunaim, minister for agriculture for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, explains: "Food you can import, but water is very different.. The government has taken - in my opinion a courageous - decision to give water priority over the food sector.. We decided to lower our reliance on locally produced wheat [to be phased out by 2016].. The government said it will phase out buying wheat from local producers and go towards importing wheat from abroad".. The government then positioned itself as a facilitator for the Saudi private sector seeking land and agricultural investments overseas, providing funds, credit and logistics, establishing government relations, signing agreements and conducting investigations into water resources, quality of land, availability of labour, facility of FDI and transparency, which it then avails to its domestic companies.. The investment is a private sector decision, Dr Balghunaim explains, and the private sector "should study the investment without influence of the government.. This is the general concept".. The government has also created a state-owned company with capital of $800 million whose objective is to study private sector proposals and, where appropriate, to join capital or sign agreements for off-take to provide buyer guarantees, stimulating investment.. The Saudi strategy, as with other oil-rich states, was enabled by the availability of major official reserves.. Saudi investors identified around 30 destination countries worldwide - from Kazakhstan and Turkey to the Philippines and Vietnam.. But Africa - a short ride over the Gulf of Aden - is arguably the most attractive.. In May 2009, the Saudi King headed a ceremony to receive the  ...   this is something normal," he says.. "Africa is now going through a transformation process.. The vision which African leaders have managed to build of Africa is very nice.. But the vision of leadership cannot be attained unless so many transformations are made in the systems of the countries.. It will take time".. There are deeper questions about how land investment affects domestic populations.. The Oakland Institute, an NGO, issued a critical report on Saudi Star's Gambella investment in Ethiopia in June last year, alleging that the company failed to conduct an environmental impact assessment and that residents reported the threat of force from Ethiopian authorities if they did not resettle.. Fears over the loss of ancestral lands, and chronic vulnerability once farmers were reliant on local government for food production, were also issued.. When asked whether Saudi land investment is causing dispossession, food insecurity or conflict in Africa, Dr Balghunaim responded in no uncertain terms.. "I honestly didn't hear any complaint coming out of Africa.. What I read were some articles written by foreign correspondents about things happening in Africa which we did not see happening.. Even African leaders didn't see them happening.. When asked if the the reports from civil society organisations or media sources are therefore baseless, he responded in the affirmative.. "I never heard of even a single displacement," he responds.. "Never, from reliable sources.. Reading an article in a newspaper, no matter what newspaper - how reliable, how credible - is different to going and seeing for yourself.. If you or any other correspondent will show us a clear displacement or land grab or whatever by Saudi investment, please let us know.. I assure you there are none whatsoever".. Dr Balghunaim is adamant that Saudi companies operate within the law of the host country, and that their activities are to the benefit of the host country.. "That's the only way you can have a sustainable investment.. You cannot come for quick fixes, it is not logical and it is not moral.. You cannot have sustainable investment if locals are not welcoming it".. Concerns about food security are natural when one considers the remarkable food shortages in countries leasing land for export-production.. In Ethiopia, the World Food Programme spends about the same amount of money as the Saudi investors in providing food aid.. But Dr Balghunaim sees a collaborative approach rather than a zero sum game.. "We think Africa needs investment.. This is the basic information we all have to grasp, swallow, digest and believe in.. Africa cannot do it alone.. It needs partners.. We in Saudi Arabia strongly believe we represent a good partner, and that we have the blessing of African leaders and with all humility we are very proud of this trust and we try to keep this trust..

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  • Title: Africa’s Highest Dam Opens Flood of Debate | oaklandinstitute.org
    Descriptive info: Africa’s Highest Dam Opens Flood of Debate.. Dawn.. Turkana men sail their fishing boats near the shores of Lake Turkana, northeast of Kenya’s capital Nairobi.. – Reuters.. Ethiopia: The mud-coloured Omo River which snakes through green gorges, feeding lush vegetation and providing vital water to one of Ethiopia’s most remote regions, will also power a contentious dam project.. The government says the Gibe III dam will boost development, give access to power for many Ethiopians – about half of the population – currently living without it, and generate revenue from the export of electricity to the region.. But with construction under way for Africa’s highest dam at 243 metres (nearly 800 feet), critics say Ethiopia must also consider the environmental and social impact it will have on some 500,000 people living downstream and at Lake Turkana in neighbouring Kenya.. Their livelihoods rely on the river.. “If they’re going to build this huge hydro-power dam than it should be done in a way that benefits the people who are most affected,” said David Turton, a senior research fellow at Oxford University’s African Studies Centre.. The Omo River is over 700 kilometers (430 miles) long and supplies Lake Turkana with 80 percent of its water.. It is a source of annual flooding for the agro-pastoralists living in the South Omo valley, a Unescp World Heritage Site.. The completion of the dam in 2014, which will have a capacity of 1,870 megawatts, will regulate the river’s flow and, according to the Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation (EEPCo), offer a predictable water source for communities living along the river south of the dam.. Agro-pastoralists in Omo’s valley have traditionally relied on flood-retreat agriculture for cultivation and animal grazing.. “Before, the wet season was two months, or maximum three months, then there was nine months of drought, now for 12 months there will be a regulated flow for all the downstream users,” said EEPCo chief executive Mirhet Debebe.. What happens to the people?.. The centuries-old flood-retreat agriculture practised by the downstream tribes is a cultural mainstay of the Bodi, Mursi and Nyangatom tribes, famed for their lip-plate and body painting customs.. But Azeb Aznake, Gibe III project manager at EEPCo, has said artificial flooding would be created annually “so that their practice  ...   dam will be sold to neighbouring Djibouti – which is already receiving Ethiopian power – as well as Kenya, Sudan and Somaliland, providing a major source of income, CEO Mihret said.. For Frederic Mousseau, policy director at the US-based think tank Oakland Institute, which is opposed to the dam’s construction, the benefits are not widespread enough.. There must be concern for social justice.. “It’s really about who benefits and what benefits….. At the macro level you might have increased exports, economic growth, but what about human development, what happens to the people?” he said in a phone interview from California.. He urged the Ethiopian government to halt the dam’s construction “so investment could go towards infrastructure that could really benefit the people.. ” Some nearby residents welcome the job opportunities that have accompanied the dam’s constructions.. Over 4,000 Ethiopians have been hired to help build Gibe III, which was started in 2006 and is over 50 per cent complete.. “It is good for our development and the area’s development (because) we get more employment,” said Mengistu Mara, 26, a student in Lala town about 30 kilometres away from Gibe III.. His brother who works as a crane operator at the dam pays Mengistu’s school fees at the local high school, built in 2009 by the dam’s contractors.. “I’m learning now because my brother is bringing me money,” he said, standing in front of the school built near the village’s newly paved road.. Lala resident Desalegn Barata, 41, also welcomed the job creation, but said that even with the construction site next door his community still has no clinic.. “There is no clinic or hospital and there are many diseases here,” he said, swatting at the flies swarming around him in the midday heat.. For analyst Turton, the government should prioritise social justice as the project moves ahead, saying it is possible to balance the benefits with the potential impact.. “This is often presented as a choice between development and what we sometimes call cultural preservation, it’s presented as sometimes you can’t make an omelette without breaking eggs,” he said, adding that he is not opposed to the construction of Gibe III.. “But it should be done in a way that shows a concern for social justice..

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  • Title: Ethiopian Dam Spurs Debate | oaklandinstitute.org
    Descriptive info: Ethiopian Dam Spurs Debate.. June 6, 2012.. Agence France Presse.. By Jenny Vaughan.. GIBE III, Ethiopia — The mud-coloured Omo River which snakes through green gorges, feeding lush vegetation and providing vital water to one of Ethiopia's most remote regions, will also power a contentious dam project.. The government says the Gibe III dam will boost development, give access to power for many Ethiopians -- about half of the population -- currently living without it, and generate revenue from the export of electricity to the region.. But with construction under way for Africa's highest dam at 243 metres (nearly 800 feet), critics say Ethiopia must also consider the environmental and social impact it will have on some 500,000 people living downstream and at Lake Turkana in neighbouring Kenya.. "If they're going to build this huge hydro-power dam than it should be done in a way that benefits the people who are most affected," said David Turton, a senior research fellow at Oxford University's African Studies Centre.. It is a source of annual flooding for the agro-pastoralists living in the South Omo valley, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.. The completion of the dam in 2014, which will have a capacity of 1,870 megawatts, will regulate the river's flow and, according to the Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation (EEPCo), offer a predictable water source for communities living along the river south of the dam.. Agro-pastoralists in Omo's valley have traditionally relied on flood-retreat agriculture for cultivation and animal grazing.. "Before, the wet season was two months, or maximum three months, then there was nine months of drought, now for 12 months there will be a regulated flow for all the downstream users," said EEPCo chief executive Mirhet Debebe.. But Azeb Aznake, Gibe III project manager at EEPCo, has said artificial flooding would be created annually "so that their practice is not interrupted.. "The  ...   to neighbouring Djibouti -- which is already receiving Ethiopian power -- as well as Kenya, Sudan and Somaliland, providing a major source of income, CEO Mihret said.. For Frederic Mousseau, policy director at the US-based think tank Oakland Institute, which is opposed to the dam's construction, the benefits are not widespread enough.. "It's really about who benefits and what benefits.. At the macro level you might have increased exports, economic growth, but what about human development, what happens to the people?" he said in a phone interview from California.. He urged the Ethiopian government to halt the dam's construction "so investment could go towards infrastructure that could really benefit the people.. Some nearby residents welcome the job opportunities that have accompanied the dam's constructions.. Over 4,000 Ethiopians have been hired to help build Gibe III, which was started in 2006 and is over 50 percent complete.. "It is good for our development and the area's development (because) we get more employment," said Mengistu Mara, 26, a student in Lala town about 30 kilometres away from Gibe III.. His brother who works as a crane operator at the dam pays Mengistu's school fees at the local high school, built in 2009 by the dam's contractors.. "I'm learning now because my brother is bringing me money," he said, standing in front of the school built near the village's newly paved road.. "There is no clinic or hospital and there are many diseases here," he said, swatting at the flies swarming around him in the midday heat.. "This is often presented as a choice between development and what we sometimes call cultural preservation, it's presented as sometimes you can't make an omelette without breaking eggs," he said, adding that he is not opposed to the construction of Gibe III.. "But it should be done in a way that shows a concern for social justice..

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  • Title: Ethiopian GIBE III Dam Spurs Debate | oaklandinstitute.org
    Descriptive info: Ethiopian GIBE III Dam Spurs Debate.. EthioSun.. By Jenny Vaughan (AFP).. GIBE III, Ethiopia — The mud-coloured Omo River that snakes by immature gorges, feeding sensuous foliage and providing critical H2O to one of Ethiopia’s many remote regions, will also energy a quarrelsome dam project.. The supervision says a Gibe III dam will boost development, give entrance to energy for many Ethiopians — about half of a race — now vital though it, and beget income from a trade of electricity to a region.. But with construction underneath approach for Africa’s top dam during 243 metres (nearly 800 feet), critics contend Ethiopia contingency also cruise a environmental and amicable impact it will have on some 500,000 people vital downstream and during Lake Turkana in beside Kenya.. Their livelihoods rest on a river.. “If they’re going to build this outrageous hydro-power dam than it should be finished in a approach that advantages a people who are many affected,” pronounced David Turton, a comparison investigate associate during Oxford University’s African Studies Centre.. The Omo River is over 700 kilometers (430 miles) prolonged and reserve Lake Turkana with 80 percent of a water.. It is a source of annual flooding for a agro-pastoralists vital in a South Omo valley, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.. The execution of a dam in 2014, that will have a ability of 1,870 megawatts, will umpire a river’s upsurge and, according to a Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation (EEPCo), offer a predicted H2O source for communities vital along a stream south of a dam.. Agro-pastoralists in Omo’s hollow have traditionally relied on flood-retreat cultivation for cultivation and animal grazing.. “Before, a soppy deteriorate was dual months, or limit 3 months, afterwards there was 9 months of drought, now for 12 months there will be a regulated upsurge for all a downstream users,” pronounced EEPCo arch executive Mirhet Debebe.. The centuries-old flood-retreat cultivation practised by a downstream tribes is a informative buttress of a Bodi, Mursi and Nyangatom tribes, famed for their lip-plate and physique portrayal customs.. But Azeb Aznake, Gibe III plan manager during EEPCo, has pronounced synthetic flooding would be combined annually “so that their use is not interrupted.. She pronounced a unchanging stream upsurge  ...   categorical delivery and sole to beside Djibouti — that is already receiving Ethiopian energy — as good as Kenya, Sudan and Somaliland, providing a vital source of income, CEO Mihret said.. For Frederic Mousseau, process executive during a US-based consider tank Oakland Institute, that is against to a dam’s construction, a advantages are not widespread enough.. “It’s unequivocally about who advantages and what benefits….. At a macro turn we competence have increasing exports, mercantile growth, though what about tellurian development, what happens to a people?” he pronounced in a phone talk from California.. He urged a Ethiopian supervision to hindrance a dam’s construction “so investment could go towards infrastructure that could unequivocally advantage a people.. Some circuitously residents acquire a pursuit opportunities that have accompanied a dam’s constructions.. Over 4,000 Ethiopians have been hired to assistance build Gibe III, that was started in 2006 and is over 50 percent complete.. “It is good for a expansion and a area’s expansion (because) we get some-more employment,” pronounced Mengistu Mara, 26, a tyro in Lala city about 30 kilometres divided from Gibe III.. His hermit who works as a derrick user during a dam pays Mengistu’s propagandize fees during a internal high school, built in 2009 by a dam’s contractors.. “I’m training now since my hermit is bringing me money,” he said, station in front of a propagandize built nearby a village’s newly paved road.. Lala proprietor Desalegn Barata, 41, also welcomed a pursuit creation, though pronounced that even with a construction site subsequent doorway his village still has no clinic.. “There is no sanatorium or sanatorium and there are many diseases here,” he said, swatting during a flies brisk around him in a midday heat.. For researcher Turton, a supervision should prioritise amicable probity as a plan moves ahead, observant it is probable to change a advantages with a intensity impact.. “This is mostly presented as a choice between expansion and what we infrequently call informative preservation, it’s presented as infrequently we can’t make an omelette though violation eggs,” he said, adding that he is not against to a construction of Gibe III.. “But it should be finished in a approach that shows a regard for amicable justice..

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